gamba

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Gamba, gambá, gambă, and gâmba

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From viola da gamba, ultimately from Italian gamba (leg). Doublet of jamb and gam.

Noun[edit]

gamba (plural gambas)

  1. (music) Abbreviation of viola da gamba.
  2. (music) A rank of organ pipes, so called for a supposed resemblance of the sound to that of a viola da gamba.

Etymology 2[edit]

Latin gamba (leg); compare gamb, gambol.

Noun[edit]

gamba

  1. (anatomy) The metacarpus or metatarsus of ruminants, etc.
Related terms[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Catalan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ca

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Italian gamba.

Noun[edit]

gamba f (plural gambes)

  1. leg
    Synonym: cama

Etymology 2[edit]

From Late Latin gambărus, from cammărus, from Ancient Greek κάμμαρος (kámmaros, lobster).

Noun[edit]

gamba f (plural gambes)

  1. shrimp

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɣɑm.baː/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: gam‧ba
  • Rhymes: -ɑmbaː

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Italian viola da gamba, from gamba (leg).

Noun[edit]

gamba f (plural gamba's, diminutive gambaatje n)

  1. viola da gamba
    Synonym: knieviool
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Catalan gamba, Portuguese gamba or French gamba.

Noun[edit]

gamba f (plural gamba's, diminutive gambaatje n)

  1. scampi, prawn

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gamba f (plural gambas)

  1. large prawn

Gooniyandi[edit]

Noun[edit]

gamba

  1. water
    yoowarni gambaone serving of water
  2. wet season
  3. year (because years are measured from one wet season to the next)
    yoowarni gambaone year

References[edit]

  • William B. McGregor, A Functional Grammar of Gooniyandi (1990, →ISBN, page 260

Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

gamba (plural gambas)

  1. leg

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

gamba m (genitive singular gamba, nominative plural gambaí)

  1. lump, hunk, dollop

Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gamba ghamba ngamba
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin gamba, from Ancient Greek καμπή (kampḗ), from Proto-Indo-European *kamp- (to bend; crooked).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gamba f (plural gambe)

  1. leg
  2. leg (from knee to ankle), shank
  3. leg (of furniture)
  4. stroke (of a letter)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • gamba in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek καμπή (kampḗ), from Proto-Indo-European *kamp- (to bend; crooked).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gamba f (genitive gambae); first declension

  1. (Late Latin, of animals) hock, shank
  2. (Medieval Latin) (upper part of) leg, thigh

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative gamba gambae
Genitive gambae gambārum
Dative gambae gambīs
Accusative gambam gambās
Ablative gambā gambīs
Vocative gamba gambae

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: cama
  • Italian: gamba
  • English: gamb, gamba
  • Old French: jambe
  • Romanian: gambă
  • Sicilian: jamma
  • Spanish: gamba

References[edit]


Leonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

gamba f (plural gambas)

  1. leg

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian gamba or Vulgar Latin *gambarus, from Latin cammarus, gammarus (lobster), from Ancient Greek κάμμαρος (kámmaros).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡɐ̃bɐ/
  • Hyphenation: gam‧ba

Noun[edit]

gamba f (plural gambas)

  1. shrimp (decapod crustacean)
    Synonym: camarão

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gamba f

  1. definite nominative/accusative singular of gambă

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡamba/, [ˈɡãmba]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Italian gamba or Vulgar Latin *gambarus, from Latin gammarus, cammarus (lobster), from Ancient Greek κάμμαρος (kámmaros).

Noun[edit]

gamba f (plural gambas)

  1. (Spain) shrimp
    Synonym: camarón (Latin America)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Late Latin gamba, probably via Italian.

Noun[edit]

gamba f (plural gambas)

  1. (Argentina, colloquial) leg
    Synonym: pierna
  2. (Chile, colloquial) 100 pesos
Derived terms[edit]

Swahili[edit]

Noun[edit]

gamba (ma class, plural magamba)

  1. bark (of a tree)
  2. skin (of a scaly animal)
  3. scale (of an animal)
  4. armor
  5. shell

See also[edit]