- (General American) IPA(key): /kɹuθ/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /kɹuːθ/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -uːθ
crwth (plural crwths)
- (historical) An archaic stringed instrument associated particularly with Wales, though once played widely in Europe, and characterized by a vaulted back and enough space for the player to stop each of the six strings on the fingerboard.
- 1895, John Frederick Rowbotham, The Troubadours and Courts of Love:
- We find in one period crwths, with the strings twanged with the right hand, and stopped above with the left, being held as we hold a violoncello to-day, but being small, on the lap.
- 1910, The Encyclopædia Britannica, page 513
From Proto-Celtic *kruttos (“round thing”), perhaps related to Latvian krūtis (“breast, bust”), from Proto-Indo-European *krū̆t; but it could instead be loaned from a non-Indo-European substrate. Possibly related to Proto-Celtic *krundis (“round”). Compare Old Irish crott (“harp, lute”).
crwth m (plural crythau)
- (music) crwth; fiddle, violin, viol
- purring (of a cat)
- hump, hunch on the back, convexity; hunchback; hunchbacked, rounded, bent, convex
- anything of round or bulging shape, especially a vessel, basket, box
|Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every|
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
- “crwth”, in R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies, 1950–present
- “crwth”, in Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors, eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, 2019
- ^ Pokorny, Julius, Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag, 1959, page 1642
- ^ Matasović, Ranko, “krutto”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, 2009, →ISBN, pages 228
- ^ MacBain, Alexander; Mackay, Eneas, “crwth”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language, Stirling, 1911, →ISBN, page cruit