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See also: Crwth


English Wikipedia has an article on:
A crwth

Alternative forms[edit]


From earlier crowd, from Middle English crowde, reinforced by and cognate to Welsh crwth; ultimately from Proto-Celtic *kruttos (round thing).



crwth (plural crwths)

  1. (historical) An archaic stringed instrument associated particularly with Wales, though once played widely in Europe, and characterized by a vaulted back and enough space for the player to stop each of the six strings on the fingerboard.
    • 1895, John Frederick Rowbotham, The Troubadours and Courts of Love:
      We find in one period crwths, with the strings twanged with the right hand, and stopped above with the left, being held as we hold a violoncello to-day, but being small, on the lap.


Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]




From Proto-Celtic *kruttos (round thing), perhaps related to Latvian krūtis (breast, bust), from Proto-Indo-European *krū̆t; but it could instead be loaned from a non-Indo-European substrate.[1][2] Possibly related to Proto-Celtic *krundis (round).[3] Compare Old Irish crott (harp, lute).



crwth m (plural crythau)

  1. (music) crwth; fiddle, violin, viol
  2. purring (of a cat)
  3. hump, hunch on the back, convexity; hunchback; hunchbacked, rounded, bent, convex
  4. anything of round or bulging shape, especially a vessel, basket, box


Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
crwth grwth nghrwth chrwth
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • crwth”, in R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies, 1950–present


  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius, Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag, 1959, page 1642
  2. ^ Matasović, Ranko, “krutto”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, 2009, →ISBN, pages 228
  3. ^ MacBain, Alexander; Mackay, Eneas, “crwth”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language[1], Stirling, 1911, →ISBN, page cruit