dumti

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Lithuanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *dumˀtei[1], from Proto-Indo-European *dʰemH-[1].

Cognate with Polish dąć (to blow)[1][2] and Sanskrit धमति (dhámati, to blow)[1][2]. See also dùmplės (bellows).

Verb[edit]

dùmti (third-person present tense dùmia, third-person past tense dū́mė) [3]

  1. (intransitive, transitive) to blow
    Synonym: pūsti
  2. (transitive) to blow with bellows
    dùmples dùmtito blow bellows
  3. (intransitive) to breathe heavily
  4. (intransitive) to smoke; to puff
    Užsìdegė pýpkę ir̃ dùmia.[3]He / she / they lighted a pipe and is / are smoking.
  5. (intransitive) to rush, tear along[4]
    Synonyms: pūsti, kurti (colloquialism)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

verbs
  • dūmìmas m (verbal noun)
  • idioms

    Participle[edit]

    dumtì m (past passive)

    1. masculine plural nominative form of dumtas.

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 114-115
    2. 2.0 2.1 Brückner, Aleksander (1927), “dąć”, in Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish), Warsaw: Wiedza Powszechna, published 1985, page 86
    3. 3.0 3.1 “dumti” in Balčikonis, Juozas et al. (1954), Dabartinės lietuvių kalbos žodynas. Vilnius: Valstybinė politinės ir mokslinės literatūros leidykla.
    4. ^ “dumti” in Martsinkyavitshute, Victoria (1993), Hippocrene Concise Dictionary: Lithuanian-English/English-Lithuanian. New York: Hippocrene Books. →ISBN