eduki

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Basque[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Basque *edun.[1] The adjective and noun senses are derived from the verb.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /eduki/, [e̞.ð̞u.ki]

Verb[edit]

eduki ? (present participle edukitzen, future participle edukiko, short form eduki, verbal noun edukitze)

  1. to support, sustain
  2. to keep
  3. (Biscayan, Gipuzkoan, Navarrese) to have, possess
    Synonym: (Northern) ukan
  4. [+partitive] to take for
  5. to believe, think
  6. [+comitative] to stay true, remain faithful

Usage notes[edit]

In the third sense, Northern dialects use the nonfinite form ukan instead. The finite (conjugated) forms of both verbs are the same.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

eduki (comparative edukiago, superlative edukien, excessive edukiegi)

  1. rich
  2. stingy, cheap

Declension[edit]

Declension of eduki (adjective, ending in vowel)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive eduki edukia edukiak
ergative edukik edukiak edukiek
dative edukiri edukiari edukiei
genitive edukiren edukiaren edukien
comitative edukirekin edukiarekin edukiekin
causative edukirengatik edukiarengatik edukiengatik
benefactive edukirentzat edukiarentzat edukientzat
instrumental edukiz edukiaz edukiez
inessive anim. edukirengan edukiarengan edukiengan
inanim. edukitan edukian edukietan
locative anim.
inanim. edukitako edukiko edukietako
allative anim. edukirengana edukiarengana edukiengana
inanim. edukitara edukira edukietara
terminative anim. edukirenganaino edukiarenganaino edukienganaino
inanim. edukitaraino edukiraino edukietaraino
directive anim. edukirenganantz edukiarenganantz edukienganantz
inanim. edukitarantz edukirantz edukietarantz
destinative anim. edukirenganako edukiarenganako edukienganako
inanim. edukitarako edukirako edukietarako
ablative anim. edukirengandik edukiarengandik edukiengandik
inanim. edukitatik edukitik edukietatik
partitive edukirik
prolative edukitzat

Noun[edit]

eduki inan or anim

  1. content, possession, goods
  2. rich person
  3. stingy, cheap person

Declension[edit]

Declension of eduki (animate and inanimate, ending in vowel)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive eduki edukia edukiak
ergative edukik edukiak edukiek
dative edukiri edukiari edukiei
genitive edukiren edukiaren edukien
comitative edukirekin edukiarekin edukiekin
causative edukirengatik edukiarengatik edukiengatik
benefactive edukirentzat edukiarentzat edukientzat
instrumental edukiz edukiaz edukiez
inessive anim. edukirengan edukiarengan edukiengan
inanim. edukitan edukian edukietan
locative anim.
inanim. edukitako edukiko edukietako
allative anim. edukirengana edukiarengana edukiengana
inanim. edukitara edukira edukietara
terminative anim. edukirenganaino edukiarenganaino edukienganaino
inanim. edukitaraino edukiraino edukietaraino
directive anim. edukirenganantz edukiarenganantz edukienganantz
inanim. edukitarantz edukirantz edukietarantz
destinative anim. edukirenganako edukiarenganako edukienganako
inanim. edukitarako edukirako edukietarako
ablative anim. edukirengandik edukiarengandik edukiengandik
inanim. edukitatik edukitik edukietatik
partitive edukirik
prolative edukitzat

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ *edun” in Etymological Dictionary of Basque by R. L. Trask, sussex.ac.uk

Further reading[edit]

  • "eduki" in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia [Dictionary of the Basque Academy], euskaltzaindia.eus
  • eduki” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia [General Basque Dictionary], euskaltzaindia.eus

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French éduquer, English educate, Italian educare etc., all from Latin ēducō.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [eˈduki]
  • Audio:
    (file)
  • Rhymes: -uki
  • Hyphenation: e‧du‧ki

Verb[edit]

eduki (present edukas, past edukis, future edukos, conditional edukus, volitive eduku)

  1. to educate
  2. to bring up, to raise (children)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]