ex officio

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ex officio (by right of office, literally from the office).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌɛks əˈfɪʃioʊ/

Adverb[edit]

ex officio (not comparable)

  1. By virtue of the office that originated it, or of the title held.
    Synonyms: of one's own motion, sua sponte, suo motu, motu proprio
    The President of the Republic of France is, ex officio, also prince of the dyarchy called Andorra.
    • 1830, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, On the Constitution of the Church and State:
      That friend [] added, with a smile, that he had more than once amused himself with the thought of a verbarian Attorney-General, authorized to bring informations ex officio against the writer or editor of any work in extensive circulation, who, after due notice issued, should persevere in misusing a word.
    • 1921 [1919], H. L. Mencken, The American Language, 2nd edition, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, →ISBN, OCLC 801036993, footnote, page 138:
      In the South every negro preacher is ex officio a D.D., and is commonly addressed as Doctor. This enables white Southerners to show a decent respect for his sacred office, and yet avoid the solecism of calling him Mister.

Adjective[edit]

ex officio (not comparable)

  1. By virtue of the office that originated it, or of the title held.
    • 1989, H. T. Willetts (translator), Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (author), August 1914, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, →ISBN, page 136:
      Meanwhile, to Samsonov’s annoyance, Colonel Knox had arrived in Ostrolenka. Why, nobody knew—probably just to convey the goodwill of the British, who would not themselves be landing on the Continent for another six months. Samsonov disliked those artificial, ex officio European smiles at the best of times, and this visitor would be a hindrance and a distraction just at present.

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]