officium

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *opi-fak-io-, an old derivative of ops, opis ‎(power, ability, resources).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

officium n ‎(genitive officiī); second declension

  1. duty, service
  2. office
  3. (figurative) an obligatory service, visit, or gesture

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative officium officia
genitive officiī officiōrum
dative officiō officiīs
accusative officium officia
ablative officiō officiīs
vocative officium officia

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • officium” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • officium” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to perform the last offices of affection: supremis officiis aliquem prosequi (vid sect. VI. 11., note Prosequi...)
    • to do one's duty: officium suum facere, servare, colere, tueri, exsequi, praestare
    • to fulfil one's duty in every detail: omnes officii partes exsequi
    • to fulfil one's duty in every detail: nullam officii partem deserere
    • to be exact, punctual in the performance of one's duty: diligentem esse in retinendis officiis
    • to neglect one's duty: officium suum deserere, neglegere
    • to return to one's duties: ad officium redire
    • it is a breach of duty to..: contra officium est c. Inf.
    • we are united by many mutual obligations: multa et magna inter nos officia intercedunt (Fam. 13. 65)
    • to be courteous, obliging to some one: in aliquem officia conferre
    • to be courteous, obliging to some one: aliquem officiis suis complecti, prosequi
    • a most courteous letter: litterae officii or humanitatis plenae
    • to reduce a people to their former obedience: aliquem ad officium (cf. sect. X. 7, note officium...) reducere (Nep. Dat. 2. 3)
    • (ambiguous) to perform the last rites for a person: supremo officio in aliquem fungi
    • (ambiguous) to do one's duty: officio suo satisfacere (Div. in Caec. 14. 47)
    • (ambiguous) to do one's duty: officio suo fungi
    • (ambiguous) to neglect one's duty: ab officio discedere
    • (ambiguous) to neglect one's duty: de, ab officio decedere
    • (ambiguous) to neglect one's duty: officio suo deesse (Fam. 7. 3)
    • (ambiguous) to remain faithful to one's duty: in officio manere (Att. 1. 3)
    • (ambiguous) to let oneself be perverted from one's duty: ab officio abduci, avocari
    • (ambiguous) without violating, neglecting one's duty: salvo officio (Off. 3. 1. 4)
    • (ambiguous) to keep good discipline amongst one's men: milites coercere et in officio continere (B. C. 1. 67. 4)
    • (ambiguous) to keep some one in subjection: aliquem in officio continere
    • (ambiguous) to remain in subjection: in officio manere, permanere