negotium

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compound word: nec(not) + ōtium(leisure).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

negōtium n ‎(genitive negōtiī); second declension

  1. business, affair, matter
  2. employment, occupation, appointment.
  3. difficulty, trouble

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative negōtium negōtia
genitive negōtiī negōtiōrum
dative negōtiō negōtiīs
accusative negōtium negōtia
ablative negōtiō negōtiīs
vocative negōtium negōtia

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • negotium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • negotium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • NEGOTIUM in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.negotium”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to entrust a matter to a person; to commission: mandatum, negotium alicui dare
    • to entrust a matter to a person; to commission: negotium ad aliquem deferre
    • to undertake an affair: negotium suscipere
    • to execute, manage a business, undertaking: negotium obire, exsequi
    • to arrange, settle a matter: negotium conficere, expedire, transigere
    • to be occupied with business, busy: negotia agere, gerere
    • to be involved in many undertakings; to be much occupied, embarrassed, overwhelmed by business-claims: multis negotiis implicatum, districtum, distentum, obrutum esse
    • to be free from business: negotiis vacare
    • to give a person trouble, inconvenience him: negotium alicui facessere (Fam. 3. 10. 1)
    • it is a great undertaking to..: magnum negotium est c. Inf.
    • without any trouble: nullo negotio
    • business-men: homines negotii (always in sing.) gerentes
    • good men of business: negotii bene gerentes (Quint. 19. 62)
    • to be engaged upon a transaction, carry it out: negotium obire or exsequi
    • to settle, finish a transaction: negotium (rem) conficere, absolvere
    • to have commercial interests in Sicily: negotia habere (in Sicilia)
    • to have business relations with some one: contrahere rem or negotium cum aliquo (Cluent. 14. 41)
    • public affairs: negotia publica (Off. 1. 20. 69)
    • to retire from public life: a negotiis publicis se removere
    • banished from public life: gerendis negotiis orbatus (Fin. 5. 20. 57)