Compound word: nec (“not”) + ōtium (“leisure”).
negōtium n (genitive negōtiī); second declension
- business, employment, occupation, affair
- (figuratively) difficulty, pains, trouble, labor
Negotium exhibere alicui.
- To give trouble to someone.
- With little trouble.
- (figuratively) matter, thing (= πρᾶγμα (prâgma))
Quid est negotii?
- What thing is it?
- negotium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- negotium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- negotium in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
- negotium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
- Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
- to entrust a matter to a person; to commission: mandatum, negotium alicui dare
- to entrust a matter to a person; to commission: negotium ad aliquem deferre
- to undertake an affair: negotium suscipere
- to execute, manage a business, undertaking: negotium obire, exsequi
- to arrange, settle a matter: negotium conficere, expedire, transigere
- to be occupied with business, busy: negotia agere, gerere
- to be involved in many undertakings; to be much occupied, embarrassed, overwhelmed by business-claims: multis negotiis implicatum, districtum, distentum, obrutum esse
- to be free from business: negotiis vacare
- to give a person trouble, inconvenience him: negotium alicui facessere (Fam. 3. 10. 1)
- it is a great undertaking to..: magnum negotium est c. Inf.
- without any trouble: nullo negotio
- business-men: homines negotii (always in sing.) gerentes
- good men of business: negotii bene gerentes (Quint. 19. 62)
- to be engaged upon a transaction, carry it out: negotium obire or exsequi
- to settle, finish a transaction: negotium (rem) conficere, absolvere
- to have commercial interests in Sicily: negotia habere (in Sicilia)
- to have business relations with some one: contrahere rem or negotium cum aliquo (Cluent. 14. 41)
- public affairs: negotia publica (Off. 1. 20. 69)
- to retire from public life: a negotiis publicis se removere
- banished from public life: gerendis negotiis orbatus (Fin. 5. 20. 57)