fáilte

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: failte and fàilte

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish fáilte, from Proto-Celtic *wāletiyā, from Proto-Indo-European *welh₁-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fáilte f (genitive singular fáilte, nominative plural fáiltí)

  1. A welcome (with roimh plus the person being welcomed)
    Bhí fáilte is fiche aige romham.
    He had a great welcome for me (lit. ‘He had 21 welcomes before me’)
    D’fhear sí fáilte romhainn.
    She welcomed us (lit. ‘She provided a welcome before us’)
  2. (archaic) delight, joy

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

fáilte

  1. Welcome!

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
fáilte fháilte bhfáilte
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Middle Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish fáilte.

Noun[edit]

fáilte f

  1. welcome
    • c. 1000, The Tale of Mac Da Thó's Pig, section 1, published in Irische Teste, vol. 1 (1880), edited by Ernst Windisch:
      Ro·ferad failte friu uile, ocus ructha chuci-sium isin mbruidin.
      They were all made welcome and brought to him in the hall.
      (literally, “A welcome was provided to them all…”)

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: fáilte
  • Manx: failt
  • Scottish Gaelic: fàilte

Mutation[edit]

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
fáilte ḟáilte fáilte
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *wāletiyā. Equivalent to fáilid +‎ -e.

Cognate with Old English wele, wela, willan (to wish), Latin volō (to want).(Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fáilte f

  1. joy, happiness
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 92a17
      Bed indbadigthi .i. bed chuintechti .i. cid fáilte ad·cot-sa ⁊ du·ngnéu, is túsu immid·folngi dam, a Dǽ; cid indeb dano ad·cot, is tú, Dǽ, immid·folngi dam.
      To be enriched, i.e. to be sought, i.e. though it is joy that I obtain and make, it is you who effects it for me, O God; so too, though it is wealth that I obtain, it is you, God, who effects it for me.
  2. salute
  3. welcome

Inflection[edit]

Feminine iā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative fáilteL fáiltiL fáilti
Vocative fáilteL fáiltiL fáilti
Accusative fáiltiN fáiltiL fáilti
Genitive fáilte fáilteL fáilteN
Dative fáiltiL fáiltib fáiltib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fáilte

  1. inflection of fáilid:
    1. genitive singular feminine
    2. genitive plural all genders

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
fáilte ḟáilte fáilte
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]