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Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *-koːlʔ, perhaps from Proto-Mon-Khmer *kulʔ, a variant of *kəl( ) ~ *kəəlʔ (to support; to help). Compare Khmer កល់ (kɑl, to support from below), ខ្នល់ (khnɑl, prop; cushion).


(classifier chiếc, cái) gối (𩠴, 𫋻)

  1. a pillow
    vỏ/bao/áo gốia pillow case
    gối ôma body pillow



  1. to rest one's head on something
    gối đầuto rest one's head (on something)
    sách gối đầu giườnga bible (literally, “a book to put under your pillow; a book that you can use for head rest”)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *t-kuːlʔ, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *-kuul; cognate with Pacoh tarcoul and Cua takuːl.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (North Central Vietnam) cúi (no lenition, in dialects where *-l > /j/)
  • (North Central Vietnam) cún (no lenition, in dialects where *-l > /n/)
  • (North Central Vietnam) gúi (with lenition, in dialects where *-l > /j/)


(classifier cái) gối (𨆝)

  1. (usually in compounds, likely to avoid ambiguity with gối (pillow)) a knee (joint in the middle of the leg and area around it)
    Synonyms: đầu gối, trốc gối
    lên gốito knee
    Nếu lên gối không được thì xuống chỏ.
    If you can't knee your opponent, try elbowing them.