garbanzo

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English[edit]

A bowl of garbanzos
A bowl of prepared garbanzos
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish garbanzo, initially borrowed as garvance in the 17th c. and anglicized as calavance (chickpea; any kind of bean or pulse).[1] The original garbanzo was re-established in the 19th c., primarily via American Spanish.[1] The Spanish garbanzo is from Old Spanish through Early Modern Spanish garbanço,[2] from Old Spanish arvanço, which is of uncertain origin, presumably influenced by garroba (carob fruit) and galbana (small pea; a variety of pea),[2][3] which is borrowed from Arabic جلبان(peas).[3] Other theories for the origin of garbanzo include Basque garbantzu [4]conmpounding garau (seed) +‎ antzu (dry) and the Ancient Greek ἐρέβινθος (erébinthos).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡɑɹˈbɑnzoʊ/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: gar‧ban‧zo

Noun[edit]

garbanzo (plural garbanzos)

  1. An edible pulse, Cicer arietinum, of the family Leguminosae or Fabaceae and subfamilies Faboideae or Papilionoideae, with white or purple-blue flowers and small feathery leaves on both sides of the stem and pods containing two to three peas.
  2. A seed of this plant; the chickpea.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Garbanzo bean”, in Oxford Reference[1], Onford University Press, n.d., retrieved 1 May 2020
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 José Laguna Campos (n.d.), “Estudio léxico de un inventario oscense de 1565 [Lexical study of a 1565 Huescan inventory]”, in Institución Fernando El Católico (PDF, in Spanish), retrieved 1 May 2020, page 41: “garbanços 'garbanzos' [] Según señala DCECH, de origen incierto [] pudo alterarse por influjo de garroba 'algarroba' y galbana 'especie de guisante'. [garbanços 'garbanzo beans' [] According to the DCECH, of uncertain origin [] possibly altered by the influence of garroba 'carob' and galbana 'species of pea'.]”
  3. 3.0 3.1 Real Academia Española (1914), “G”, in Diccionario de la lengua castellana[2] (in Spanish), 14 edition, Madrid: Sucesores de Hernando, OCLC 1042914719, page 498: “Galbana. (Del ár. جلبان, cholbán, guisantes.) f. ant. Guisante pequeño.”
  4. ^ garbantzu”, in Elhuyar ezagutuz aldatzea[3], Elhuyar, n.d., retrieved 17 January 2023

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology[edit]

From Old Spanish through Early Modern Spanish garbanço,[1] from Old Spanish arvanço, which is of uncertain origin, presumably influenced by garroba (carob fruit) and galbana (small pea; a variety of pea),[1][2] which is borrowed from Arabic جلبان(peas).[2] Other theories for the origin of garbanzo include Basque garbantzu [3]compounding garau (seed) +‎ antzu (dry) and the Ancient Greek ἐρέβινθος (erébinthos).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (Spain) /ɡaɾˈbanθo/ [ɡaɾˈβ̞ãn̟.θo]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /ɡaɾˈbanso/ [ɡaɾˈβ̞ãn.so]
  • (file)
  • (Spain) Rhymes: -anθo
  • (Latin America) Rhymes: -anso
  • Hyphenation: gar‧ban‧zo

Noun[edit]

garbanzo m (plural garbanzos)

  1. chickpea; garbanzo (plant, seed)
  2. (figuratively) bottom dollar, dosh

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Basque: garbantzu
  • English: garbanzo, calavance

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 José Laguna Campos (n.d.), “Estudio léxico de un inventario oscense de 1565 [Lexical study of a 1565 Huescan inventory]”, in Institución Fernando El Católico (PDF, in Spanish), retrieved 1 May 2020, page 41: “garbanços 'garbanzos' [] Según señala DCECH, de origen incierto [] pudo alterarse por influjo de garroba 'algarroba' y galbana 'especie de guisante'. [garbanços 'garbanzo beans' [] According to the DCECH, of uncertain origin [] possibly altered by the influence of garroba 'carob' and galbana 'species of pea'.]”
  2. 2.0 2.1 Real Academia Española (1914), “G”, in Diccionario de la lengua castellana[4] (in Spanish), 14 edition, Madrid: Sucesores de Hernando, OCLC 1042914719, page 498: “Galbana. (Del ár. جلبان, cholbán, guisantes.) f. ant. Guisante pequeño.”
  3. ^ garbantzu”, in Elhuyar ezagutuz aldatzea[5], Elhuyar, n.d., retrieved 17 January 2023