From Middle English gaf, yaf, ȝaf, from Old English ġæf, ġeaf.
- simple past tense of give
- 1591 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The First Part of Henry the Sixt”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, (please specify the act number in uppercase Roman numerals, and the scene number in lowercase Roman numerals):
- I gaue thee Life, and rescu'd thee from Death.
- 1815 December (indicated as 1816), [Jane Austen], Emma: […], volume (please specify |volume=I, II or III), London: […] [Charles Roworth and James Moyes] for John Murray, →OCLC:
- The superior degree of confidence towards Harriet, which this one article marked, gave her severe pain.
- 2011 July 31, Bob Woffinden, The Guardian:
- With the Oxford canal at the bottom of his garden, regular canoeing excursions gave him enormous pleasure.
- (colloquial, nonstandard) past participle of give
- c. 1916, Ring W. Lardner, The Courtship of T. Dorgan; republished in George W. Hilton, The Annotated Baseball Stories of Ring W. Lardner, 1914-1919, Stanford University Press, 1995, →ISBN, page 297:
- Well I suppose you will wonder what has happened to change my mind and if somebody has gave me a birthday present of $600.00 or something.
- 1951, “Influence in Government Procurement”, in Hearing before the Investigations Subcommittee of the Committee of Expenditures in the Executive Departments […] , U.S. Government Printing Office, page 678:
- Mr. Green. No; not to my recollection, Senator. I may have gave Frank Prince some for his wife, or something like that.
- 2012 August 10, James Kelman, A Chancer, Birlinn, →ISBN, page 6:
- I'm talking about redundancies, he said, that's what I'm talking about. And yous better get bloody used to the idea. One of the men shrugged: Ach well, we knew it was coming. That's as maybe but they should've gave us notice. Formal.
Borrowed from Middle Low German gābe, from Old Saxon *gāva, from Proto-West Germanic *gābā (“gift, giving”).
Cognate with German Gabe. Late Old Norse gáfa and Swedish gåva are probably also from Low German. It has replaced a similar word with a different shape: Danish gæv (“feed”), from Old Norse gjǫf (“gift”), from Proto-Germanic *gebō, cognate with Gothic 𐌲𐌹𐌱𐌰 (giba). Both words are ultimately derived from the verb *gebaną (“to give”).
gave c (singular definite gaven, plural indefinite gaver)
- “gave” in Den Danske Ordbog
From Middle Dutch gave, from Old Dutch gāva, from Proto-West Germanic *gābā, from Proto-Germanic *gēbǭ, ablaut variant of *gebō.
gave f (plural gaven or gaves, diminutive gavetje n or gaafje n)
- (archaic) singular past subjunctive of geven
- inflection of gaver:
gave f or m (definite singular gava or gaven, indefinite plural gaver, definite plural gavene)
- a present or gift (something given to someone, e.g. for Christmas or a birthday)
- a gift (a talent or natural ability)
- presang (sense 1 above)
- gåve (Nynorsk)
- “gave” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
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