From the Latin gēns (“a race, nation, people; a clan, family”, oblique stem: gent-) + -cide (“a killing of”). The combination represents a hypothetical Latin etymon of the form *genticīdium, regularly formed from gēns + -cīdium. Compare genericide and genocide.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈd͡ʒɛntɪsaɪd/
Audio (RP) (file)
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈd͡ʒɛntəsaɪd/
- Hyphenation: gen‧ti‧cide
- The killing of a race or nation of people; the slaughter of an ethnic group; a genocide.
- 1837, “a friend of peace” [pseudonym; William Ladd], Dissertation on the Subject of a Congress of Nations, for the Adjustment of International Disputes without Recourse to Arms, New York, N.Y.: Ezra Collier, 146 Nassau Street, OCLC 1308990, page 46:
- When we call unjust war murder, we give it too mild a name. It is wholesale murder; it is what might be denominated genticide, or the murder of nations.
- 1940 August–September, Ching-Hsiung Wu, editor, T’ien Hsia Monthly, volume XI, Shanghai: Kelly & Walsh; published under the auspices of the Sun Yat-sen Institute for the Advancement of Culture and Education, OCLC 231870448, page 50:
- This cadaverous insistence upon our extinction is curdling my blood. Homicide! More than that — Genticide!
- The killing of a kinsman or kinswoman; the murder of a blood relative.
- Synonym: parricide
- Hyponyms: fratricide, sororicide, patricide, matricide, infanticide, filicide, prolicide, familicide
- 1959, A. Bronson Feldman, The Unconscious in History, New York, N.Y.: Philosophical Library, OCLC 695315888, pages 170 and 253:
- [page 170] The term I shall employ is genticide, from the Latin gens meaning blood-relation or kin. […] [page 253] The metamorphosis of actual incest and genticide into astral saga was probably promoted by the savage belief that changes in weather and the aspects of the skies were somehow responses to their outrages of lust.
- This term occurs most frequently as a construction to be preferred to genocide on etymological grounds.