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A page of an almanac in Hindi for the month of August 1911

From Ancient Greek ἡμέρᾱ (hēmérā, day; date) (a variant of ἦμαρ (êmar, day), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eh₃- (be hot, burn)) +‎ -ology (from Ancient Greek -λογῐ́ᾱ (-logíā, suffix indicating the study of something, or a branch of knowledge), from λόγος (lógos, word; explanation; subject matter) (from λέγω (légō, to arrange, put in order), from Proto-Indo-European *leǵ- (to gather)) + -ίᾱ (-íā, suffix forming a feminine abstract noun) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *-i-eh₂ (suffix forming a collectve noun))).



hemerology (countable and uncountable, plural hemerologies)

  1. The study of calendars, especially with a view to identifying propitious days.
    • [1663, E[dward] P[hillips], “Hemerology”, in The New World of English Words: Or A General Dictionary: [...], London: Printed for Nath[aniel] Brook, at the Angel in Cornhill, and William Cartwright, at the Man in the Moon in the Old Bailey, OCLC 81842629:
      Hemerology, (Greek) a Calender, or Book, wherein are regiſtred the paſſages of every day.]
    • 1870 April 1, “The Gospels Consolidated; with a copious Index. S. Bagster and Sons. 1869. [book review]”, in Henry Allon and Henry Robert Reynolds, editors, The British Quarterly Review, volume LI, number CII, London: Hodder and Stoughton, Paternoster Row, OCLC 557610406, page 538:
      It is not necessary to an intelligent comprehension of the Gospels, as they have been handed down to us, that they should possess an exact hemerology.
    • 1998, Sergio Ribichini, Magic in the Ancient Near East (Studi epigrafici e linguistici sul Vicino Oriente antico; 15), Verona: Essedue edizioni, →ISBN, page 60:
      For these reasons perhaps unsurprisingly the Babylonian Almanach was the most popular hemerology, enjoying a widespread currency from around the middle of the second millennium BC down well into Late Babylonian times.
    • 2008, Johannes Thomann, “Square Horoscope Diagrams in Middle Eastern Astrology and Chinese Cosmological Diagrams: Were these Designs Transmitted through the Silk Road?”, in Philippe Forêt and Andreas Kaplony, editors, The Journey of Maps and Images on the Silk Road (Brill's Inner Asian Library; 21), Leiden; Boston, Mass.: Brill, →ISBN, ISSN 1566-7162, page 111:
      In our context, the chapter on hemerology (including astrology) is of primary interest. Hemerology, the method for determining favorable and unfavorable days, has a long history in ancient China.
    • 2017, Enrique Jiménez, “The Place of Disputation Poems within Babylonian Literature”, in The Babylonian Disputation Poems: With Editions of the Series of the Poplar, Palm and Vine, the Series of the Spides, and the Story of the Poor, Forlorn Wren (Culture and History of the Ancient Near East; 87), Leiden: E. J. Brill, →ISBN, page 103:
      The final section of the text [] contains a mock hemerology, in which the dietary prescriptions typical of hemerologies are ridiculed with coarse humor: thus, the dish recommended for the month of Šabāṭu is cedar wood filled with "donkey's buttock, dog's excrement, and bluebotle's excrement." In this case the text clearly parodies hemerologies, one of the most popular genres throughout cuneiform culture.

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