hemicrania

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Late Latin hemicrania (pain in one half of the head), from Ancient Greek ἡμικρᾱνίᾰ (hēmikrānía), from ἡμι- (hēmi-, hemi-, half) + κρανίον (kraníon, skull) (from whence also cranium).

Cognate to megrim and migraine, which also derive from the Latin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hemicrania (countable and uncountable, plural hemicranias)

  1. (pathology) A headache affecting one side of the head.
    • 1993, The Master and Margarita, by Mikhail Bulgakov, translation Burgin and O’Connor, Chapter 2, p. 17:
      “Gods, gods, why do you punish me? Yes, no doubt it is upon me again, again this terrible, invincible affliction … this hemicrania which grips half the head with pain … without remedy, without escape … I must try not to move my head. …”

Usage notes[edit]

Medical term, used in some literary contexts; not used in everyday speech. Instead more general headache or more specific migraine used.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek ἡμικρᾱνίᾰ (hēmikrānía).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hēmicrānia f (genitive hēmicrāniae); first declension

  1. (Late Latin) migraine, headache

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative hēmicrānia hēmicrāniae
Genitive hēmicrāniae hēmicrāniārum
Dative hēmicrāniae hēmicrāniīs
Accusative hēmicrāniam hēmicrāniās
Ablative hēmicrāniā hēmicrāniīs
Vocative hēmicrānia hēmicrāniae

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • hemicrania in Gaffiot, Félix, Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, 1934

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

hemicrania f (plural hemicranias)

  1. (pathology) hemicrania (a headache affecting one side of the head)
    Synonym: enxaqueca