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Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Indo-European *yek- (to speak). Compare Old High German jehan, Welsh iaith, Breton yezh.



iocus m (genitive iocī); second declension

  1. a joke, jest
  2. a form of amusement
  3. pastime, sport
    Synonyms: lūdus


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative iocus iocī
genitive iocī iocōrum
dative iocō iocīs
accusative iocum iocōs
ablative iocō iocīs
vocative ioce iocī

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • iocus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • jocus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • I said it in jest: haec iocatus sum, per iocum dixi
    • (ambiguous) joking apart: extra iocum, remoto ioco (Fam. 7. 11. 3)
    • (ambiguous) to make a joke: ioco uti (Off. 1. 29. 103)
    • (ambiguous) joking apart: extra iocum, remoto ioco (Fam. 7. 11. 3)
  • iocus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers