iocus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Latin[edit]

Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *yek- (to speak). Compare Old High German jehan, Welsh iaith, Breton yezh.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

iocus m (genitive iocī); second declension

  1. a joke, jest
  2. a form of amusement
  3. pastime, sport
    Synonym: lūdus

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (otherwise or neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative iocus iocī
ioca
Genitive iocī iocōrum
Dative iocō iocīs
Accusative iocum iocōs
ioca
Ablative iocō iocīs
Vocative ioce iocī
ioca

The inflection is irregular. The neuter plural is more likely to denote a collective.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Aragonese: chuego
  • Aromanian: gioc
  • Asturian: xuegu
  • Catalan: joc
  • English: joke
  • French: jeu
  • Friulian: zûc, ğûc
  • Galician: xogo

References[edit]

  • iocus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • jocus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • I said it in jest: haec iocatus sum, per iocum dixi
    • (ambiguous) joking apart: extra iocum, remoto ioco (Fam. 7. 11. 3)
    • (ambiguous) to make a joke: ioco uti (Off. 1. 29. 103)
    • (ambiguous) joking apart: extra iocum, remoto ioco (Fam. 7. 11. 3)
  • iocus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers