liepa

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See also: liepā and Liepa

Latvian[edit]

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 Liepa on Latvian Wikipedia
Liepa

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *leipāˀ[1], from Proto-Indo-European *leyp-(to glue, to paste), whence also lipt(to stick, to adhere). Reflexes of the non-diphthongized stem can be seen in place names like Līpes kalns or Lipaiķi. The name probably came from the soft, pleasant leaves of this tree (or perhaps because of its sticky sap). A different name for the linden tree, from Proto-Indo-European *lento-, can be seen in English linden, German Linden, and is reflected in Latvian lieta(thing) (q.v.). Cognates include Lithuanian líepa, Old Prussian lipe ([liːpe]?), *leipe (from place names like Leypein, Leypiten), Proto-Slavic *lipa (Russian, Ukrainian липа(lípa), Belarusian ліпа(lípa), Bulgarian липа(lipá), Czech lípa, Polish lipa). (There were apparently also Germanic cognates — later replaced by reflexes of *lento- — , as in the city name Leipciga, today's Leipzig.)[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

liepa f

  1. linden tree, lime tree (esp. Tillia cordata)
    kupla liepa‎ ― bushy linden tree
    liepu ziedi‎ ― linden flowers
    liepu lūki‎ ― linden bark
    liepu (ziedu) tēja‎ ― linden (flower) tea

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kim, Ronald (forth.), “The Phonology of Balto-Slavic”, in Jared S. Klein, Brian Joseph, and Matthias Fritz, editors, Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An International Handbook of Language Comparison and the Reconstruction of Indo-European[1], Berlin: de Gruyter
  2. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “liepa”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Lithuanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *leipāˀ. Compare Proto-Slavic *lipa.

Noun[edit]

líepa f ‎(plural líepos)

  1. linden tree, lime tree

Noun[edit]

liepa f

  1. July (seventh month of the Gregorian calendar)

See also[edit]