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From Proto-Indo-European *leǵ-no- (that which is collected), from *leǵ-



lignum n (genitive lignī); second declension

  1. firewood
  2. (later Latin) wood tissue
  3. tree
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Psalm.1.3
      Et erit tamquam lignum transplantatum iuxta rivulos aquarum quod fructum suum dabit in tempore suo et folium eius non defluet et omne quod fecerit prosperabitur
      And he shall be like a tree which is planted near the running waters, which shall bring forth its fruit, in due season. And his leaf shall not fall off: and all whosoever he shall do shall prosper (Duoay-Rheims translation)


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative lignum ligna
genitive lignī lignōrum
dative lignō lignīs
accusative lignum ligna
ablative lignō lignīs
vocative lignum ligna

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  • lignum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lignum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “lignum”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • lignum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette