måste

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Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German moste, past tense of moten.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

måste n

  1. a must; something that is mandatory or required, an obligation, a duty
    jag lägger måstena åt sidan idag
    I'm putting my duties aside today

Declension[edit]

Inflection of måste 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative måste måstet måsten måstena
Genitive måstes måstets måstens måstenas

Verb[edit]

måste

  1. (auxiliary) must, have to / had to

Usage notes[edit]

The form måste is used for both present tense and past tense. Only very rarely is the supine form måst used, and the infinitive måsta exists in a few dialects but is not at all recognized in standard Swedish.

The meaning of måste together with the negation adverb inte ("not"), differs from the meaning of must together with not in English. While must not means "is not allowed to", måste inte means "does not have to".