māja

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See also: maja, Maja, majá, mājā, and mają

Latvian[edit]

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 māja on Latvian Wikipedia
Māja

Etymology[edit]

Traditionally considered a borrowing from Proto-Finnic *maa(land, earth) (compare Finnish, Estonian maa, Veps ma, Livonian ); the meaning evolved from “earth, land” → “earth, fields close to a village, to (farm) houses” → “(farm) house.” This word was also re-borrowed into Proto-Finnic as *maja (compare Estonian maja(house), Finnish maja(hut), Livonian mōi(home). More recently, it has been suggested that Proto-Finnic *maa ultimately derives from Indo-European, cf. Sanskrit मही(mahī), Old Irish mag(plains, field) (from Proto-Indo-European *meǵ(ʰ)-, *mag(ʰ)-, whence also Ancient Greek μέγας(mégas, big)). In this case, Latvian māja might not be a borrowing, but a retention from Proto-Indo-European.[1] (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

māja f (4th declension)

  1. house, dwelling
    dzīvojamā māja‎ ― residential house
    stūra māja‎ ― corner house
    ģimenes māja‎ ― family house
    kalpu māja‎ ― servants' house, farm workers' house
    vienstāva, daudzstāvu māja‎ ― one-storey, multi-storey house
  2. (chiefly in the plural) farmhouse, farmstead, farm and its buildings
    lauku mājas‎ ― farmhouse, farmstead
    iepirkt mājas‎ ― to buy a farm
    dzīt govis mājās‎ ― to drive the cows to the farm
  3. (chiefly in the plural) house, home
    braukt, iet uz mājām‎ ― to drive, to go home
    uzkopt māju‎ ― to tidy up the house
    mājas māte, mājasmāte‎ ― the lady (lit. mother) of the house
    otrās mājas‎ ― a second home
    sēdēt mājas‎ ― to sit home
    justies kā mājas‎ ― to feel at home

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “māja”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7