madeleine

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See also: Madeleine

English[edit]

two madeleines

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from French madeleine, from earlier gâteau à la Madeleine, after the given name Madeleine (Magdalene), of uncertain reference: attributed in some sources to a 19th-century pastry cook Madeleine Paulmier, whose existence is now considered dubious.

In sense 2, used with reference to the cake's function in the extract below, taken from Marcel Proust's In Search of Lost Time.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

madeleine (plural madeleines)

  1. A French type of small gateau or sponge cake, often shaped like an elongated scallop shell.
    • 1981, Marcel Proust, CK Scott Moncrieff & Terence Kilmartin (translators), Swann's Way, Folio Society, published 2005, page 44:
      And suddenly the memory revealed itself. The taste was that of the little piece of madeleine which on Sunday mornings at Combray [] my aunt Léonie used to give me, dipping it first in her own cup of tea or tisane.
    • 2003, Emily Luchetti, A Passion for Desserts, Chronicle Books, page 20:
      Madeleine batter can be made in advance and refrigerated.
  2. (figuratively) Something which brings back a memory; a source of nostalgia or evocative memories.
    • 2001, James Carroll, Constantine's Sword, Houghton-Mifflin, page 223:
      The Robe was thus fixed in my mind as a symbol, and in my memory as a madeleine, of Jewish evil.
    • 2005, Roger Ebert, Rogert Ebert's Movie Yearbook, page 784:
      Every five years or so, in the middle of another task, I'll look at them and a particular cover will bring memory flooding back like a madeleine.

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from French madeleine.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɑdelɑi̯n/, [ˈmɑ̝de̞lɑ̝i̯n]

Noun[edit]

madeleine

  1. madeleine (small gateau in the shape of a scallop shell)
    Synonym: madeleine-leivos

Declension[edit]

Inflection of madeleine (Kotus type 8/nalle, no gradation)
nominative madeleine madeleinet
genitive madeleinen madeleinejen
partitive madeleinea madeleineja
illative madeleineen madeleineihin
singular plural
nominative madeleine madeleinet
accusative nom. madeleine madeleinet
gen. madeleinen
genitive madeleinen madeleinejen
madeleineinrare
partitive madeleinea madeleineja
inessive madeleinessa madeleineissa
elative madeleinesta madeleineista
illative madeleineen madeleineihin
adessive madeleinella madeleineilla
ablative madeleinelta madeleineilta
allative madeleinelle madeleineille
essive madeleinena madeleineina
translative madeleineksi madeleineiksi
abessive madeleinetta madeleineitta
instructive madeleinein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of madeleine (Kotus type 8/nalle, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative madeleineni madeleineni
accusative nom. madeleineni madeleineni
gen. madeleineni
genitive madeleineni madeleinejeni
madeleineinirare
partitive madeleineani madeleinejani
inessive madeleinessani madeleineissani
elative madeleinestani madeleineistani
illative madeleineeni madeleineihini
adessive madeleinellani madeleineillani
ablative madeleineltani madeleineiltani
allative madeleinelleni madeleineilleni
essive madeleinenani madeleineinani
translative madeleinekseni madeleineikseni
abessive madeleinettani madeleineittani
instructive
comitative madeleineineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative madeleinesi madeleinesi
accusative nom. madeleinesi madeleinesi
gen. madeleinesi
genitive madeleinesi madeleinejesi
madeleineisirare
partitive madeleineasi madeleinejasi
inessive madeleinessasi madeleineissasi
elative madeleinestasi madeleineistasi
illative madeleineesi madeleineihisi
adessive madeleinellasi madeleineillasi
ablative madeleineltasi madeleineiltasi
allative madeleinellesi madeleineillesi
essive madeleinenasi madeleineinasi
translative madeleineksesi madeleineiksesi
abessive madeleinettasi madeleineittasi
instructive
comitative madeleineinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative madeleinemme madeleinemme
accusative nom. madeleinemme madeleinemme
gen. madeleinemme
genitive madeleinemme madeleinejemme
madeleineimmerare
partitive madeleineamme madeleinejamme
inessive madeleinessamme madeleineissamme
elative madeleinestamme madeleineistamme
illative madeleineemme madeleineihimme
adessive madeleinellamme madeleineillamme
ablative madeleineltamme madeleineiltamme
allative madeleinellemme madeleineillemme
essive madeleinenamme madeleineinamme
translative madeleineksemme madeleineiksemme
abessive madeleinettamme madeleineittamme
instructive
comitative madeleineinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative madeleinenne madeleinenne
accusative nom. madeleinenne madeleinenne
gen. madeleinenne
genitive madeleinenne madeleinejenne
madeleineinnerare
partitive madeleineanne madeleinejanne
inessive madeleinessanne madeleineissanne
elative madeleinestanne madeleineistanne
illative madeleineenne madeleineihinne
adessive madeleinellanne madeleineillanne
ablative madeleineltanne madeleineiltanne
allative madeleinellenne madeleineillenne
essive madeleinenanne madeleineinanne
translative madeleineksenne madeleineiksenne
abessive madeleinettanne madeleineittanne
instructive
comitative madeleineinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative madeleinensa madeleinensa
accusative nom. madeleinensa madeleinensa
gen. madeleinensa
genitive madeleinensa madeleinejensa
madeleineinsarare
partitive madeleineaan
madeleineansa
madeleinejaan
madeleinejansa
inessive madeleinessaan
madeleinessansa
madeleineissaan
madeleineissansa
elative madeleinestaan
madeleinestansa
madeleineistaan
madeleineistansa
illative madeleineensa madeleineihinsa
adessive madeleinellaan
madeleinellansa
madeleineillaan
madeleineillansa
ablative madeleineltaan
madeleineltansa
madeleineiltaan
madeleineiltansa
allative madeleinelleen
madeleinellensa
madeleineilleen
madeleineillensa
essive madeleinenaan
madeleinenansa
madeleineinaan
madeleineinansa
translative madeleinekseen
madeleineksensa
madeleineikseen
madeleineiksensa
abessive madeleinettaan
madeleinettansa
madeleineittaan
madeleineittansa
instructive
comitative madeleineineen
madeleineinensa

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier gâteau à la Madeleine, after the given name Madeleine (Magdalene), of uncertain reference: see more above.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

madeleine f (plural madeleines)

  1. madeleine (small gateau in the shape of a scallop shell)
    • 1913, Marcel Proust, Du côté de chez Swann [Swann's Way] (À la recherche du temps perdu)‎[1]:
      Et bientôt, machinalement, accablé par la morne journée et la perspective d’un triste lendemain, je portai à mes lèvres une cuillerée du thé où j’avais laissé s’amollir un morceau de madeleine.
      And soon, mechanically, weary after a dull day with the prospect of a depressing morrow, I raised to my lips a spoonful of the tea in which I had soaked a morsel of the cake.
  2. (figuratively) madeleine (something which brings back a memory)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: magdalena
  • English: madeleine
  • German: Madeleine
  • Portuguese: madalena

Further reading[edit]