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See also: marechaussee



From French maréchaussée. Doublet of marshalcy.



maréchaussée (plural maréchaussées)

  1. (now chiefly historical) A type of guard force in France commanded by a marshal (formerly used as a police force before the introduction of the gendarmerie); loosely (chiefly humorous), the police, the constabulary. [from 18th c.]
    • 1789, George Washington, letter, 6 Feb 1780:
      I do not unite the Maréchaussée, because that corps is destined for a particular service, to which it will be altogether applied in the course of the next campaign, nor should I think it advisable to convert it to any other purpose.
    • 1792, Charlotte Smith, Desmond, Broadview 2001, p. 98:
      ‘Enquire of the citizen, the mechanic, if he reposes not more quietly in his house from the certainty that it is not now liable to be entered by the marechaussées, and that it is no longer possible for him to be forcible taken out of it by a lettre de cachet [] .’
    • 1850, Charles Augustus Murray, Miranda:
      ‘Malediction,’ he muttered to himself, but then, with that peculiar command over himself which rarely quitted him, he at once recovered, and moved towards the two officers of the maréchaussée, now semi-inebriated.
    • 2002, Colin Jones, The Great Nation, Penguin 2003, p. 156:
      Peasant communities were often effectively self-policing, while the newly reorganized maréchaussée served as an ancillary peace-keeping force.


English Wikipedia has an article on:
French Wikipedia has an article on:
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Old French mareschaucie (marshalcy) (with change of suffix), see maréchal.


  • IPA(key): /ma.ʁe.ʃ
  • (file)


maréchaussée f (plural maréchaussées)

  1. (historical) maréchaussée
  2. (humorous) constabulary


  • Dutch: marechaussee
  • English: maréchaussée

Further reading[edit]