mikill

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Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse mikill, from Proto-Germanic *mikilaz, from Proto-Indo-European *méga-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mikill (comparative meiri, superlative mestur)

  1. large in quantity or number
  2. much
  3. great
    Alexander mikli.
    Alexander the Great.

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *mikilaz (great, many), from Proto-Indo-European *meǵa-, *meǵh₂- (big, great). Cognate with Old English miċel, Old Saxon mikil, Old Dutch mikil, Old High German mihhil, Gothic 𐌼𐌹𐌺𐌹𐌻𐍃 (mikils).

Adjective[edit]

mikill (comparative meiri, superlative mestr)

  1. great, tall of stature
  2. great, large, in bulk or size
    • áin var mikil
      the river was swollen
  3. (of quantity) much
  4. prominent

Inflection[edit]

This word seems to have a suppletive inflection, using another root in the comparative and superlative forms, than in the positive form (albeit one inherited from earlier Proto-Germanic). Note also the otherwise irregular nn-ending in the accusative singular masculine form (mikinn), as well as the t-ending in the nominative and accusative singular neuter forms (mikit).

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • mikill in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • meiri in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mestr in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press