bulk

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English bulk, bolke (a heap, cargo, hold; heap; bulge), borrowed from Old Norse búlki (the freight or the cargo of a ship), from Proto-Germanic *bulkô (beam, pile, heap), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰelǵ- (beam, pile, prop). Compare Icelandic búlkast (to be bulky), Swedish dialectal bulk (a bunch), Danish bulk (bump, knob).

Conflated with Middle English bouk (belly, trunk).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: bŭlk, IPA(key): /bʌlk/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌlk

Noun[edit]

bulk (countable and uncountable, plural bulks)

  1. Size, specifically, volume.
    • 1729. I Newton, Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, page 1.
      The Quantity of Matter is the measure of the same, arising from its density and bulk conjunctly.
    • 1885, Lewis Carroll, “Knot IX”, in A Tangled Tale, page 58:
      “ Didn't Balbus say this morning that, if a body is immersed in liquid, it displaces as much liquid as is equal to its own bulk? ” said Hugh.
    • 1887, W. O. Atwater, “The Chemistry of Oyster-Fattening”, in Popular Science Monthly, volume 32, number November, page 77:
      By this process the body of the oyster acquires such a plumpness and rotundity, and its bulk and weight are so increased, as to materially increase its selling value.
    • 1912 January, Zane Grey, chapter 8, in Riders of the Purple Sage: A Novel, New York, N.Y.; London: Harper & Brothers Publishers, OCLC 6868219:
      The cliff-dwellers had chipped and chipped away at this boulder till it rested its tremendous bulk upon a mere pin-point of its surface.
  2. Any huge body or structure.
  3. The major part of something.
    • 1911, Encyclopædia Britannica, volume 24, «Sample», page 119:
      In the case of such a contract, there must be an implied condition that the bulk shall correspond with the sample in quality
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 12, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      There were many wooden chairs for the bulk of his visitors, and two wicker armchairs with red cloth cushions for superior people. From the packing-cases had emerged some Indian clubs, […], and all these articles […] made a scattered and untidy decoration that Mrs. Clough assiduously dusted and greatly cherished.
    • 2011 December 15, Felicity Cloake, “How to cook the perfect nut roast”, in Guardian:
      the main bulk of a nut roast is generally some form of carbohydrate, intended to lighten the load.
  4. The result of water retained by fibre.
  5. (uncountable, transport) Unpackaged goods when transported in large volumes, e.g. coal, ore or grain.
  6. (countable) a cargo or any items moved or communicated in the manner of cargo.
  7. (bodybuilding) Excess body mass, especially muscle.
  8. (bodybuilding) A period where one tries to gain muscle.
  9. (brane cosmology) A hypothetical higher-dimensional space within which our own four-dimensional universe may exist.
  10. (obsolete) The body.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of George Turberville to this entry?)

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bulk (not comparable)

  1. being large in size, mass or volume (of goods, etc.)
  2. total

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

bulk (third-person singular simple present bulks, present participle bulking, simple past and past participle bulked)

  1. (intransitive) To appear or seem to be, as to bulk or extent.
    • (Can we date this quote by Leslie Stephen and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The fame of Warburton possibly bulked larger for the moment.
  2. (intransitive) To grow in size; to swell or expand.
  3. (intransitive) To gain body mass by means of diet, exercise, etc.
  4. (transitive) To put or hold in bulk.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]