nouveau riche

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French nouveau riche (literally new rich).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nouveau riche (countable and uncountable, plural nouveaux riches)

  1. (derogatory) New money; wealthy persons whose fortunes are newly acquired, and who are therefore perceived to lack the refinement of those who were raised wealthy.
    Synonyms: parvenu, arriviste, neo-rich
    Antonyms: vieux riche, nouveau pauvre
    • 1873, Edward Bulwer-Lytton, chapter VII, in The Parisians[1], book III:
      You must find your opening at Paris. I wish you to spend a year in the capital, and live, not extravagantly, like a nouveau riche, but in a way not unsuited to your rank, and permitting you all the social advantages that belong to it.
    • 1921, Lord Frederic Hamilton, Here, There And Everywhere[2]:
      Twenty-four hours later we were both in the vast halls of the Winter Palace in full uniform, as bedizened with gold as a nouveau riche's drawing-room.

Usage notes[edit]

nouveau riche is sometimes treated as a singular noun with the plural nouveaux riches and sometimes as a plural noun with no separate singular form.

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

nouveau riche (not comparable)

  1. Newly rich; like a nouveau riche.
    • 1899, Edith Wharton, “A Cup of Cold Water”, in The Greater Inclination[3]:
      Her supreme charm was the simplicity that comes of taking it for granted that people are born with carriages and country-places: it never occurred to her that such congenital attributes could be matter for self-consciousness, and she had none of the nouveau riche prudery which classes poverty with the nude in art and is not sure how to behave in the presence of either.

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nouveau riche m (plural nouveaux riches)

  1. nouveau riche
    Synonyms: arriviste, parvenu