nquma

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Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

-nquma?

  1. (transitive) to cut off, to sever, to amputate
  2. (transitive) to decide

Inflection[edit]

Tone H
Infinitive ukunquma
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukunquma ukunganqumi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular nquma nqume
Plural nqumani nqumeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyanquma, nginquma engiyanquma, enginquma nginquma anginqumi enginganqumi nginganqumi
2nd singular uyanquma, unquma oyanquma, onquma unquma awunqumi onganqumi unganqumi
1st plural siyanquma, sinquma esiyanquma, esinquma sinquma asinqumi esinganqumi singanqumi
2nd plural niyanquma, ninquma eniyanquma, eninquma ninquma aninqumi eninganqumi ninganqumi
Class 1 uyanquma, unquma oyanquma, onquma enquma akanqumi onganqumi enganqumi
Class 2 bayanquma, banquma abayanquma, abanquma benquma abanqumi abanganqumi benganqumi
Class 3 uyanquma, unquma oyanquma, onquma unquma awunqumi onganqumi unganqumi
Class 4 iyanquma, inquma eyanquma, enquma inquma ayinqumi enganqumi inganqumi
Class 5 liyanquma, linquma eliyanquma, elinquma linquma alinqumi elinganqumi linganqumi
Class 6 ayanquma, anquma ayanquma, anquma enquma awanqumi anganqumi enganqumi
Class 7 siyanquma, sinquma esiyanquma, esinquma sinquma asinqumi esinganqumi singanqumi
Class 8 ziyanquma, zinquma eziyanquma, ezinquma zinquma azinqumi ezinganqumi zinganqumi
Class 9 iyanquma, inquma eyanquma, enquma inquma ayinqumi enganqumi inganqumi
Class 10 ziyanquma, zinquma eziyanquma, ezinquma zinquma azinqumi ezinganqumi zinganqumi
Class 11 luyanquma, lunquma oluyanquma, olunquma lunquma alunqumi olunganqumi lunganqumi
Class 14 buyanquma, bunquma obuyanquma, obunquma bunquma abunqumi obunganqumi bunganqumi
Class 15 kuyanquma, kunquma okuyanquma, okunquma kunquma akunqumi okunganqumi kunganqumi
Class 17 kuyanquma, kunquma okuyanquma, okunquma kunquma akunqumi okunganqumi kunganqumi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular nginqumile, nginqumē enginqumile, enginqumē nginqumile, nginqumē anginqumanga enginganqumanga nginganqumanga
2nd singular unqumile, unqumē onqumile, onqumē unqumile, unqumē awunqumanga onganqumanga unganqumanga
1st plural sinqumile, sinqumē esinqumile, esinqumē sinqumile, sinqumē asinqumanga esinganqumanga singanqumanga
2nd plural ninqumile, ninqumē eninqumile, eninqumē ninqumile, ninqumē aninqumanga eninganqumanga ninganqumanga
Class 1 unqumile, unqumē onqumile, onqumē enqumile, enqumē akanqumanga onganqumanga enganqumanga
Class 2 banqumile, banqumē abanqumile, abanqumē benqumile, benqumē abanqumanga abanganqumanga benganqumanga
Class 3 unqumile, unqumē onqumile, onqumē unqumile, unqumē awunqumanga onganqumanga unganqumanga
Class 4 inqumile, inqumē enqumile, enqumē inqumile, inqumē ayinqumanga enganqumanga inganqumanga
Class 5 linqumile, linqumē elinqumile, elinqumē linqumile, linqumē alinqumanga elinganqumanga linganqumanga
Class 6 anqumile, anqumē anqumile, anqumē enqumile, enqumē awanqumanga anganqumanga enganqumanga
Class 7 sinqumile, sinqumē esinqumile, esinqumē sinqumile, sinqumē asinqumanga esinganqumanga singanqumanga
Class 8 zinqumile, zinqumē ezinqumile, ezinqumē zinqumile, zinqumē azinqumanga ezinganqumanga zinganqumanga
Class 9 inqumile, inqumē enqumile, enqumē inqumile, inqumē ayinqumanga enganqumanga inganqumanga
Class 10 zinqumile, zinqumē ezinqumile, ezinqumē zinqumile, zinqumē azinqumanga ezinganqumanga zinganqumanga
Class 11 lunqumile, lunqumē olunqumile, olunqumē lunqumile, lunqumē alunqumanga olunganqumanga lunganqumanga
Class 14 bunqumile, bunqumē obunqumile, obunqumē bunqumile, bunqumē abunqumanga obunganqumanga bunganqumanga
Class 15 kunqumile, kunqumē okunqumile, okunqumē kunqumile, kunqumē akunqumanga okunganqumanga kunganqumanga
Class 17 kunqumile, kunqumē okunqumile, okunqumē kunqumile, kunqumē akunqumanga okunganqumanga kunganqumanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngānquma engānquma ngānquma anginqumanga enginganqumanga nginganqumanga
2nd singular wānquma owānquma wānquma awunqumanga onganqumanga unganqumanga
1st plural sānquma esānquma sānquma asinqumanga esinganqumanga singanqumanga
2nd plural nānquma enānquma nānquma aninqumanga eninganqumanga ninganqumanga
Class 1 wānquma owānquma ānquma akanqumanga onganqumanga enganqumanga
Class 2 bānquma abānquma bānquma abanqumanga abanganqumanga benganqumanga
Class 3 wānquma owānquma wānquma awunqumanga onganqumanga unganqumanga
Class 4 yānquma eyānquma yānquma ayinqumanga enganqumanga inganqumanga
Class 5 lānquma elānquma lānquma alinqumanga elinganqumanga linganqumanga
Class 6 ānquma ānquma ānquma awanqumanga anganqumanga enganqumanga
Class 7 sānquma esānquma sānquma asinqumanga esinganqumanga singanqumanga
Class 8 zānquma ezānquma zānquma azinqumanga ezinganqumanga zinganqumanga
Class 9 yānquma eyānquma yānquma ayinqumanga enganqumanga inganqumanga
Class 10 zānquma ezānquma zānquma azinqumanga ezinganqumanga zinganqumanga
Class 11 lwānquma olwānquma lwānquma alunqumanga olunganqumanga lunganqumanga
Class 14 bānquma obānquma bānquma abunqumanga obunganqumanga bunganqumanga
Class 15 kwānquma okwānquma kwānquma akunqumanga okunganqumanga kunganqumanga
Class 17 kwānquma okwānquma kwānquma akunqumanga okunganqumanga kunganqumanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular nginganquma nginganquma ngingenqume ngingenqume
2nd singular unganquma unganquma ungenqume ungenqume
1st plural singanquma singanquma singenqume singenqume
2nd plural ninganquma ninganquma ningenqume ningenqume
Class 1 anganquma enganquma angenqume engenqume
Class 2 banganquma benganquma bangenqume bengenqume
Class 3 unganquma unganquma ungenqume ungenqume
Class 4 inganquma inganquma ingenqume ingenqume
Class 5 linganquma linganquma lingenqume lingenqume
Class 6 anganquma enganquma angenqume engenqume
Class 7 singanquma singanquma singenqume singenqume
Class 8 zinganquma zinganquma zingenqume zingenqume
Class 9 inganquma inganquma ingenqume ingenqume
Class 10 zinganquma zinganquma zingenqume zingenqume
Class 11 lunganquma lunganquma lungenqume lungenqume
Class 14 bunganquma bunganquma bungenqume bungenqume
Class 15 kunganquma kunganquma kungenqume kungenqume
Class 17 kunganquma kunganquma kungenqume kungenqume
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizonquma engizonquma ngizonquma angizunquma ngingezunquma
2nd singular uzonquma ozonquma uzonquma awuzunquma ungezunquma
1st plural sizonquma esizonquma sizonquma asizunquma singezunquma
2nd plural nizonquma enizonquma nizonquma anizunquma ningezunquma
Class 1 uzonquma ozonquma ezonquma akazunquma engezunquma
Class 2 bazonquma abazonquma bezonquma abazunquma bengezunquma
Class 3 uzonquma ozonquma uzonquma awuzunquma ungezunquma
Class 4 izonquma ezonquma izonquma ayizunquma ingezunquma
Class 5 lizonquma elizonquma lizonquma alizunquma lingezunquma
Class 6 azonquma azonquma ezonquma awazunquma engezunquma
Class 7 sizonquma esizonquma sizonquma asizunquma singezunquma
Class 8 zizonquma ezizonquma zizonquma azizunquma zingezunquma
Class 9 izonquma ezonquma izonquma ayizunquma ingezunquma
Class 10 zizonquma ezizonquma zizonquma azizunquma zingezunquma
Class 11 luzonquma oluzonquma luzonquma aluzunquma lungezunquma
Class 14 buzonquma obuzonquma buzonquma abuzunquma bungezunquma
Class 15 kuzonquma okuzonquma kuzonquma akuzunquma kungezunquma
Class 17 kuzonquma okuzonquma kuzonquma akuzunquma kungezunquma
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyonquma engiyonquma ngiyonquma angiyunquma ngingeyunquma
2nd singular uyonquma oyonquma uyonquma awuyunquma ungeyunquma
1st plural siyonquma esiyonquma siyonquma asiyunquma singeyunquma
2nd plural niyonquma eniyonquma niyonquma aniyunquma ningeyunquma
Class 1 uyonquma oyonquma eyonquma akayunquma engeyunquma
Class 2 bayonquma abayonquma beyonquma abayunquma bengeyunquma
Class 3 uyonquma oyonquma uyonquma awuyunquma ungeyunquma
Class 4 iyonquma eyonquma iyonquma ayiyunquma ingeyunquma
Class 5 liyonquma eliyonquma liyonquma aliyunquma lingeyunquma
Class 6 ayonquma ayonquma eyonquma awayunquma engeyunquma
Class 7 siyonquma esiyonquma siyonquma asiyunquma singeyunquma
Class 8 ziyonquma eziyonquma ziyonquma aziyunquma zingeyunquma
Class 9 iyonquma eyonquma iyonquma ayiyunquma ingeyunquma
Class 10 ziyonquma eziyonquma ziyonquma aziyunquma zingeyunquma
Class 11 luyonquma oluyonquma luyonquma aluyunquma lungeyunquma
Class 14 buyonquma obuyonquma buyonquma abuyunquma bungeyunquma
Class 15 kuyonquma okuyonquma kuyonquma akuyunquma kungeyunquma
Class 17 kuyonquma okuyonquma kuyonquma akuyunquma kungeyunquma
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular nginqume nginganqumi
2nd singular unqume unganqumi
1st plural sinqume singanqumi
2nd plural ninqume ninganqumi
Class 1 anqume anganqumi
Class 2 banqume banganqumi
Class 3 unqume unganqumi
Class 4 inqume inganqumi
Class 5 linqume linganqumi
Class 6 anqume anganqumi
Class 7 sinqume singanqumi
Class 8 zinqume zinganqumi
Class 9 inqume inganqumi
Class 10 zinqume zinganqumi
Class 11 lunqume lunganqumi
Class 14 bunqume bunganqumi
Class 15 kunqume kunganqumi
Class 17 kunqume kunganqumi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular nganquma anginquma
2nd singular wanquma awunquma
1st plural sanquma asinquma
2nd plural nanquma aninquma
Class 1 wanquma akanquma
Class 2 banquma abanquma
Class 3 wanquma awunquma
Class 4 yanquma ayinquma
Class 5 lanquma alinquma
Class 6 anquma awanquma
Class 7 sanquma asinquma
Class 8 zanquma azinquma
Class 9 yanquma ayinquma
Class 10 zanquma azinquma
Class 11 lwanquma alunquma
Class 14 banquma abunquma
Class 15 kwanquma akunquma
Class 17 kwanquma akunquma

References[edit]