From pan- + Ancient Greek θεός (theós, “god, divine”) + -ism. The term "pantheist" - of which "pantheism" is a variation - was purportedly first used by Irish writer John Toland in his 1705 work, Socinianism Truly Stated, by a pantheist. A critic of Toland, J. Fay, was the first to use the term "pantheism" in 1709, in Defensio Religionis.
- sometimes hyphenated: pan-theism
- sometimes capitalized: Pantheism
- (religion) The belief that the Universe is in some sense divine and should be revered. Pantheism identifies the universe with God but denies any personality or transcendence of such a God.
- (rare, religion) The belief in all gods; omnitheism.