persan

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Persan and Peršan

Esperanto[edit]

Adjective[edit]

persan

  1. accusative singular of persa

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pɛʁ.sɑ̃/
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

persan (feminine persane, masculine plural persans, feminine plural persanes)

  1. Persian

Noun[edit]

persan m (countable and uncountable, plural persans)

  1. (uncountable) Persian language
    Synonym: farsi
  2. (countable) Persian (cat)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin persōna.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

persan f (genitive persine, nominative plural persin)

  1. person
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 14d26
      Is i persin Crist da·gníu-sa sin.
      It is in the person of Christ that I do that.
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 18d14
      Ní airegdu a persan-som ol·daas persan na n‑abstal olchene, ceto thoísegu i n‑iriss.
      Their persons are not more eminent than the persons of the rest of the apostles, though they are prior in faith.
      (literally, “Their person is not … than the person of …”)
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 51b10
      In tan as·mber Dauid “intellectum tibi dabo”, sech is arde són do·mbéra Día do neuch nod·n-eirbea ind ⁊ génas triit con·festar cid as imgabthi do dénum di ulc ⁊ cid as déinti dó di maith. Aithesc trá lesom insin a persin Dǽ.
      When David says, “I will give thee understanding”, that is a sign that God will give to everyone that will trust in him, and work through him, that he may know what evil he must avoid doing, and what good he must do. He has then here a reply in the person of God.
  2. (grammar) person (linguistic category used to distinguish between the speaker of an utterance and those to whom or about whom he is speaking)
    • c. 845, St. Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 162a3
      In tan labratar ind ḟilid a persin inna ṅdea, do·gniat primam ⁊ secundam in illis.
      When the poets speak in the person of the gods, they make a first and second [person] in them.

Inflection[edit]

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative persanL, persann persinL, persain persinH, persain
Vocative persanL, persann persinL, persain persanaH, persanna
Accusative persinN, persain persinL, persain persanaH, persanna
Genitive persineH, persaine persanL, persann persanN, persann
Dative persinL, persain persanaib, personaib, persunnaib persanaib, personaib, persunnaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

The nominative plural form persin is irregular and probably borrowed directly from Latin persōnae.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Irish: persa
    • Irish: pearsa
    • Scottish Gaelic: pearsa

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
persan phersan
or unchanged
persan
pronounced with /b(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Romanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French persan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

persan m or n (feminine singular persană, masculine plural persani, feminine and neuter plural persane)

  1. Persian

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

persan m (plural persani, feminine equivalent persană)

  1. a Persian man

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]