phaka

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Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni *-pháka, from Proto-Bantu *-páka.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

-pháka

  1. to serve food, dish up, ladle out
  2. to distribute, allot

Inflection[edit]

Tone H
Infinitive ukuphaka
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuphaka ukungaphaki
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular phaka -phake
Plural phakani -phakeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyaphaka, ngiphaka engiphakayo, engiphaka ngiphaka angiphaki engingaphaki ngingaphaki
2nd singular uyaphaka, uphaka ophakayo, ophaka uphaka awuphaki ongaphaki ungaphaki
1st plural siyaphaka, siphaka esiphakayo, esiphaka siphaka asiphaki esingaphaki singaphaki
2nd plural niyaphaka, niphaka eniphakayo, eniphaka niphaka aniphaki eningaphaki ningaphaki
Class 1 uyaphaka, uphaka ophakayo, ophaka ephaka akaphaki ongaphaki engaphaki
Class 2 bayaphaka, baphaka abaphakayo, abaphaka bephaka abaphaki abangaphaki bengaphaki
Class 3 uyaphaka, uphaka ophakayo, ophaka uphaka awuphaki ongaphaki ungaphaki
Class 4 iyaphaka, iphaka ephakayo, ephaka iphaka ayiphaki engaphaki ingaphaki
Class 5 liyaphaka, liphaka eliphakayo, eliphaka liphaka aliphaki elingaphaki lingaphaki
Class 6 ayaphaka, aphaka aphakayo, aphaka ephaka awaphaki angaphaki engaphaki
Class 7 siyaphaka, siphaka esiphakayo, esiphaka siphaka asiphaki esingaphaki singaphaki
Class 8 ziyaphaka, ziphaka eziphakayo, eziphaka ziphaka aziphaki ezingaphaki zingaphaki
Class 9 iyaphaka, iphaka ephakayo, ephaka iphaka ayiphaki engaphaki ingaphaki
Class 10 ziyaphaka, ziphaka eziphakayo, eziphaka ziphaka aziphaki ezingaphaki zingaphaki
Class 11 luyaphaka, luphaka oluphakayo, oluphaka luphaka aluphaki olungaphaki lungaphaki
Class 14 buyaphaka, buphaka obuphakayo, obuphaka buphaka abuphaki obungaphaki bungaphaki
Class 15 kuyaphaka, kuphaka okuphakayo, okuphaka kuphaka akuphaki okungaphaki kungaphaki
Class 17 kuyaphaka, kuphaka okuphakayo, okuphaka kuphaka akuphaki okungaphaki kungaphaki
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiphakile, ngiphakē engiphakile, engiphakē ngiphakile, ngiphakē angiphakanga engingaphakanga ngingaphakanga
2nd singular uphakile, uphakē ophakile, ophakē uphakile, uphakē awuphakanga ongaphakanga ungaphakanga
1st plural siphakile, siphakē esiphakile, esiphakē siphakile, siphakē asiphakanga esingaphakanga singaphakanga
2nd plural niphakile, niphakē eniphakile, eniphakē niphakile, niphakē aniphakanga eningaphakanga ningaphakanga
Class 1 uphakile, uphakē ophakile, ophakē ephakile, ephakē akaphakanga ongaphakanga engaphakanga
Class 2 baphakile, baphakē abaphakile, abaphakē bephakile, bephakē abaphakanga abangaphakanga bengaphakanga
Class 3 uphakile, uphakē ophakile, ophakē uphakile, uphakē awuphakanga ongaphakanga ungaphakanga
Class 4 iphakile, iphakē ephakile, ephakē iphakile, iphakē ayiphakanga engaphakanga ingaphakanga
Class 5 liphakile, liphakē eliphakile, eliphakē liphakile, liphakē aliphakanga elingaphakanga lingaphakanga
Class 6 aphakile, aphakē aphakile, aphakē ephakile, ephakē awaphakanga angaphakanga engaphakanga
Class 7 siphakile, siphakē esiphakile, esiphakē siphakile, siphakē asiphakanga esingaphakanga singaphakanga
Class 8 ziphakile, ziphakē eziphakile, eziphakē ziphakile, ziphakē aziphakanga ezingaphakanga zingaphakanga
Class 9 iphakile, iphakē ephakile, ephakē iphakile, iphakē ayiphakanga engaphakanga ingaphakanga
Class 10 ziphakile, ziphakē eziphakile, eziphakē ziphakile, ziphakē aziphakanga ezingaphakanga zingaphakanga
Class 11 luphakile, luphakē oluphakile, oluphakē luphakile, luphakē aluphakanga olungaphakanga lungaphakanga
Class 14 buphakile, buphakē obuphakile, obuphakē buphakile, buphakē abuphakanga obungaphakanga bungaphakanga
Class 15 kuphakile, kuphakē okuphakile, okuphakē kuphakile, kuphakē akuphakanga okungaphakanga kungaphakanga
Class 17 kuphakile, kuphakē okuphakile, okuphakē kuphakile, kuphakē akuphakanga okungaphakanga kungaphakanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāphaka engāphaka ngāphaka angiphakanga engingaphakanga ngingaphakanga
2nd singular wāphaka owāphaka wāphaka awuphakanga ongaphakanga ungaphakanga
1st plural sāphaka esāphaka sāphaka asiphakanga esingaphakanga singaphakanga
2nd plural nāphaka enāphaka nāphaka aniphakanga eningaphakanga ningaphakanga
Class 1 wāphaka owāphaka āphaka akaphakanga ongaphakanga engaphakanga
Class 2 bāphaka abāphaka bāphaka abaphakanga abangaphakanga bengaphakanga
Class 3 wāphaka owāphaka wāphaka awuphakanga ongaphakanga ungaphakanga
Class 4 yāphaka eyāphaka yāphaka ayiphakanga engaphakanga ingaphakanga
Class 5 lāphaka elāphaka lāphaka aliphakanga elingaphakanga lingaphakanga
Class 6 āphaka āphaka āphaka awaphakanga angaphakanga engaphakanga
Class 7 sāphaka esāphaka sāphaka asiphakanga esingaphakanga singaphakanga
Class 8 zāphaka ezāphaka zāphaka aziphakanga ezingaphakanga zingaphakanga
Class 9 yāphaka eyāphaka yāphaka ayiphakanga engaphakanga ingaphakanga
Class 10 zāphaka ezāphaka zāphaka aziphakanga ezingaphakanga zingaphakanga
Class 11 lwāphaka olwāphaka lwāphaka aluphakanga olungaphakanga lungaphakanga
Class 14 bāphaka obāphaka bāphaka abuphakanga obungaphakanga bungaphakanga
Class 15 kwāphaka okwāphaka kwāphaka akuphakanga okungaphakanga kungaphakanga
Class 17 kwāphaka okwāphaka kwāphaka akuphakanga okungaphakanga kungaphakanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingaphaka ngingaphaka ngingephake ngingephake
2nd singular ungaphaka ungaphaka ungephake ungephake
1st plural singaphaka singaphaka singephake singephake
2nd plural ningaphaka ningaphaka ningephake ningephake
Class 1 angaphaka engaphaka angephake engephake
Class 2 bangaphaka bengaphaka bangephake bengephake
Class 3 ungaphaka ungaphaka ungephake ungephake
Class 4 ingaphaka ingaphaka ingephake ingephake
Class 5 lingaphaka lingaphaka lingephake lingephake
Class 6 angaphaka engaphaka angephake engephake
Class 7 singaphaka singaphaka singephake singephake
Class 8 zingaphaka zingaphaka zingephake zingephake
Class 9 ingaphaka ingaphaka ingephake ingephake
Class 10 zingaphaka zingaphaka zingephake zingephake
Class 11 lungaphaka lungaphaka lungephake lungephake
Class 14 bungaphaka bungaphaka bungephake bungephake
Class 15 kungaphaka kungaphaka kungephake kungephake
Class 17 kungaphaka kungaphaka kungephake kungephake
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizophaka engizophaka ngizophaka angizuphaka ngingezuphaka
2nd singular uzophaka ozophaka uzophaka awuzuphaka ungezuphaka
1st plural sizophaka esizophaka sizophaka asizuphaka singezuphaka
2nd plural nizophaka enizophaka nizophaka anizuphaka ningezuphaka
Class 1 uzophaka ozophaka ezophaka akazuphaka engezuphaka
Class 2 bazophaka abazophaka bezophaka abazuphaka bengezuphaka
Class 3 uzophaka ozophaka uzophaka awuzuphaka ungezuphaka
Class 4 izophaka ezophaka izophaka ayizuphaka ingezuphaka
Class 5 lizophaka elizophaka lizophaka alizuphaka lingezuphaka
Class 6 azophaka azophaka ezophaka awazuphaka engezuphaka
Class 7 sizophaka esizophaka sizophaka asizuphaka singezuphaka
Class 8 zizophaka ezizophaka zizophaka azizuphaka zingezuphaka
Class 9 izophaka ezophaka izophaka ayizuphaka ingezuphaka
Class 10 zizophaka ezizophaka zizophaka azizuphaka zingezuphaka
Class 11 luzophaka oluzophaka luzophaka aluzuphaka lungezuphaka
Class 14 buzophaka obuzophaka buzophaka abuzuphaka bungezuphaka
Class 15 kuzophaka okuzophaka kuzophaka akuzuphaka kungezuphaka
Class 17 kuzophaka okuzophaka kuzophaka akuzuphaka kungezuphaka
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyophaka engiyophaka ngiyophaka angiyuphaka ngingeyuphaka
2nd singular uyophaka oyophaka uyophaka awuyuphaka ungeyuphaka
1st plural siyophaka esiyophaka siyophaka asiyuphaka singeyuphaka
2nd plural niyophaka eniyophaka niyophaka aniyuphaka ningeyuphaka
Class 1 uyophaka oyophaka eyophaka akayuphaka engeyuphaka
Class 2 bayophaka abayophaka beyophaka abayuphaka bengeyuphaka
Class 3 uyophaka oyophaka uyophaka awuyuphaka ungeyuphaka
Class 4 iyophaka eyophaka iyophaka ayiyuphaka ingeyuphaka
Class 5 liyophaka eliyophaka liyophaka aliyuphaka lingeyuphaka
Class 6 ayophaka ayophaka eyophaka awayuphaka engeyuphaka
Class 7 siyophaka esiyophaka siyophaka asiyuphaka singeyuphaka
Class 8 ziyophaka eziyophaka ziyophaka aziyuphaka zingeyuphaka
Class 9 iyophaka eyophaka iyophaka ayiyuphaka ingeyuphaka
Class 10 ziyophaka eziyophaka ziyophaka aziyuphaka zingeyuphaka
Class 11 luyophaka oluyophaka luyophaka aluyuphaka lungeyuphaka
Class 14 buyophaka obuyophaka buyophaka abuyuphaka bungeyuphaka
Class 15 kuyophaka okuyophaka kuyophaka akuyuphaka kungeyuphaka
Class 17 kuyophaka okuyophaka kuyophaka akuyuphaka kungeyuphaka
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngiphake ngingaphaki
2nd singular uphake ungaphaki
1st plural siphake singaphaki
2nd plural niphake ningaphaki
Class 1 aphake angaphaki
Class 2 baphake bangaphaki
Class 3 uphake ungaphaki
Class 4 iphake ingaphaki
Class 5 liphake lingaphaki
Class 6 aphake angaphaki
Class 7 siphake singaphaki
Class 8 ziphake zingaphaki
Class 9 iphake ingaphaki
Class 10 ziphake zingaphaki
Class 11 luphake lungaphaki
Class 14 buphake bungaphaki
Class 15 kuphake kungaphaki
Class 17 kuphake kungaphaki
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngaphaka ngangaphaka, angaphaka, angangaphaka
2nd singular waphaka wangaphaka, awaphaka, awangaphaka
1st plural saphaka sangaphaka, asaphaka, asangaphaka
2nd plural naphaka nangaphaka, anaphaka, anangaphaka
Class 1 waphaka wangaphaka, akaphaka, akangaphaka
Class 2 baphaka bangaphaka, abaphaka, abangaphaka
Class 3 waphaka wangaphaka, awaphaka, awangaphaka
Class 4 yaphaka yangaphaka, ayaphaka, ayangaphaka
Class 5 laphaka langaphaka, alaphaka, alangaphaka
Class 6 aphaka angaphaka, awaphaka, awangaphaka
Class 7 saphaka sangaphaka, asaphaka, asangaphaka
Class 8 zaphaka zangaphaka, azaphaka, azangaphaka
Class 9 yaphaka yangaphaka, ayaphaka, ayangaphaka
Class 10 zaphaka zangaphaka, azaphaka, azangaphaka
Class 11 lwaphaka lwangaphaka, alwaphaka, alwangaphaka
Class 14 baphaka bangaphaka, abaphaka, abangaphaka
Class 15 kwaphaka kwangaphaka, akwaphaka, akwangaphaka
Class 17 kwaphaka kwangaphaka, akwaphaka, akwangaphaka

References[edit]