phela

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Sotho[edit]

Verb[edit]

phela

  1. to live

Southern Ndebele[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-péda (to finish).

Verb[edit]

-phéla

  1. (intransitive) to end, to terminate, to finish, to come to an end

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Swazi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-péda (to finish).

Verb[edit]

-phéla

  1. (intransitive) to end, to terminate, to finish, to come to an end

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-péda (to finish).

Verb[edit]

-phéla

  1. (intransitive) to end, to terminate, to finish, to come to an end

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Zulu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-péda (to finish).

Verb[edit]

-phêla

  1. (intransitive) to end, to terminate, to finish, to come to an end

Inflection[edit]

Tone HH
Infinitive ukuphela
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuphela ukungapheli
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular phela -phele
Plural phelani -pheleni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyaphela, ngiphela engiphelayo, engiphela ngiphela angipheli engingapheli ngingapheli
2nd singular uyaphela, uphela ophelayo, ophela uphela awupheli ongapheli ungapheli
1st plural siyaphela, siphela esiphelayo, esiphela siphela asipheli esingapheli singapheli
2nd plural niyaphela, niphela eniphelayo, eniphela niphela anipheli eningapheli ningapheli
Class 1 uyaphela, uphela ophelayo, ophela ephela akapheli ongapheli engapheli
Class 2 bayaphela, baphela abaphelayo, abaphela bephela abapheli abangapheli bengapheli
Class 3 uyaphela, uphela ophelayo, ophela uphela awupheli ongapheli ungapheli
Class 4 iyaphela, iphela ephelayo, ephela iphela ayipheli engapheli ingapheli
Class 5 liyaphela, liphela eliphelayo, eliphela liphela alipheli elingapheli lingapheli
Class 6 ayaphela, aphela aphelayo, aphela ephela awapheli angapheli engapheli
Class 7 siyaphela, siphela esiphelayo, esiphela siphela asipheli esingapheli singapheli
Class 8 ziyaphela, ziphela eziphelayo, eziphela ziphela azipheli ezingapheli zingapheli
Class 9 iyaphela, iphela ephelayo, ephela iphela ayipheli engapheli ingapheli
Class 10 ziyaphela, ziphela eziphelayo, eziphela ziphela azipheli ezingapheli zingapheli
Class 11 luyaphela, luphela oluphelayo, oluphela luphela alupheli olungapheli lungapheli
Class 14 buyaphela, buphela obuphelayo, obuphela buphela abupheli obungapheli bungapheli
Class 15 kuyaphela, kuphela okuphelayo, okuphela kuphela akupheli okungapheli kungapheli
Class 17 kuyaphela, kuphela okuphelayo, okuphela kuphela akupheli okungapheli kungapheli
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiphelile, ngiphelē engiphelile, engiphelē ngiphelile, ngiphelē angiphelanga engingaphelanga ngingaphelanga
2nd singular uphelile, uphelē ophelile, ophelē uphelile, uphelē awuphelanga ongaphelanga ungaphelanga
1st plural siphelile, siphelē esiphelile, esiphelē siphelile, siphelē asiphelanga esingaphelanga singaphelanga
2nd plural niphelile, niphelē eniphelile, eniphelē niphelile, niphelē aniphelanga eningaphelanga ningaphelanga
Class 1 uphelile, uphelē ophelile, ophelē ephelile, ephelē akaphelanga ongaphelanga engaphelanga
Class 2 baphelile, baphelē abaphelile, abaphelē bephelile, bephelē abaphelanga abangaphelanga bengaphelanga
Class 3 uphelile, uphelē ophelile, ophelē uphelile, uphelē awuphelanga ongaphelanga ungaphelanga
Class 4 iphelile, iphelē ephelile, ephelē iphelile, iphelē ayiphelanga engaphelanga ingaphelanga
Class 5 liphelile, liphelē eliphelile, eliphelē liphelile, liphelē aliphelanga elingaphelanga lingaphelanga
Class 6 aphelile, aphelē aphelile, aphelē ephelile, ephelē awaphelanga angaphelanga engaphelanga
Class 7 siphelile, siphelē esiphelile, esiphelē siphelile, siphelē asiphelanga esingaphelanga singaphelanga
Class 8 ziphelile, ziphelē eziphelile, eziphelē ziphelile, ziphelē aziphelanga ezingaphelanga zingaphelanga
Class 9 iphelile, iphelē ephelile, ephelē iphelile, iphelē ayiphelanga engaphelanga ingaphelanga
Class 10 ziphelile, ziphelē eziphelile, eziphelē ziphelile, ziphelē aziphelanga ezingaphelanga zingaphelanga
Class 11 luphelile, luphelē oluphelile, oluphelē luphelile, luphelē aluphelanga olungaphelanga lungaphelanga
Class 14 buphelile, buphelē obuphelile, obuphelē buphelile, buphelē abuphelanga obungaphelanga bungaphelanga
Class 15 kuphelile, kuphelē okuphelile, okuphelē kuphelile, kuphelē akuphelanga okungaphelanga kungaphelanga
Class 17 kuphelile, kuphelē okuphelile, okuphelē kuphelile, kuphelē akuphelanga okungaphelanga kungaphelanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāphela engāphela ngāphela angiphelanga engingaphelanga ngingaphelanga
2nd singular wāphela owāphela wāphela awuphelanga ongaphelanga ungaphelanga
1st plural sāphela esāphela sāphela asiphelanga esingaphelanga singaphelanga
2nd plural nāphela enāphela nāphela aniphelanga eningaphelanga ningaphelanga
Class 1 wāphela owāphela āphela akaphelanga ongaphelanga engaphelanga
Class 2 bāphela abāphela bāphela abaphelanga abangaphelanga bengaphelanga
Class 3 wāphela owāphela wāphela awuphelanga ongaphelanga ungaphelanga
Class 4 yāphela eyāphela yāphela ayiphelanga engaphelanga ingaphelanga
Class 5 lāphela elāphela lāphela aliphelanga elingaphelanga lingaphelanga
Class 6 āphela āphela āphela awaphelanga angaphelanga engaphelanga
Class 7 sāphela esāphela sāphela asiphelanga esingaphelanga singaphelanga
Class 8 zāphela ezāphela zāphela aziphelanga ezingaphelanga zingaphelanga
Class 9 yāphela eyāphela yāphela ayiphelanga engaphelanga ingaphelanga
Class 10 zāphela ezāphela zāphela aziphelanga ezingaphelanga zingaphelanga
Class 11 lwāphela olwāphela lwāphela aluphelanga olungaphelanga lungaphelanga
Class 14 bāphela obāphela bāphela abuphelanga obungaphelanga bungaphelanga
Class 15 kwāphela okwāphela kwāphela akuphelanga okungaphelanga kungaphelanga
Class 17 kwāphela okwāphela kwāphela akuphelanga okungaphelanga kungaphelanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingaphela ngingaphela ngingephele ngingephele
2nd singular ungaphela ungaphela ungephele ungephele
1st plural singaphela singaphela singephele singephele
2nd plural ningaphela ningaphela ningephele ningephele
Class 1 angaphela engaphela angephele engephele
Class 2 bangaphela bengaphela bangephele bengephele
Class 3 ungaphela ungaphela ungephele ungephele
Class 4 ingaphela ingaphela ingephele ingephele
Class 5 lingaphela lingaphela lingephele lingephele
Class 6 angaphela engaphela angephele engephele
Class 7 singaphela singaphela singephele singephele
Class 8 zingaphela zingaphela zingephele zingephele
Class 9 ingaphela ingaphela ingephele ingephele
Class 10 zingaphela zingaphela zingephele zingephele
Class 11 lungaphela lungaphela lungephele lungephele
Class 14 bungaphela bungaphela bungephele bungephele
Class 15 kungaphela kungaphela kungephele kungephele
Class 17 kungaphela kungaphela kungephele kungephele
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizophela engizophela ngizophela angizuphela engingezuphela ngingezuphela
2nd singular uzophela ozophela uzophela awuzuphela ongezuphela ungezuphela
1st plural sizophela esizophela sizophela asizuphela esingezuphela singezuphela
2nd plural nizophela enizophela nizophela anizuphela eningezuphela ningezuphela
Class 1 uzophela ozophela ezophela akazuphela ongezuphela engezuphela
Class 2 bazophela abazophela bezophela abazuphela abangezuphela bengezuphela
Class 3 uzophela ozophela uzophela awuzuphela ongezuphela ungezuphela
Class 4 izophela ezophela izophela ayizuphela engezuphela ingezuphela
Class 5 lizophela elizophela lizophela alizuphela elingezuphela lingezuphela
Class 6 azophela azophela ezophela awazuphela angezuphela engezuphela
Class 7 sizophela esizophela sizophela asizuphela esingezuphela singezuphela
Class 8 zizophela ezizophela zizophela azizuphela ezingezuphela zingezuphela
Class 9 izophela ezophela izophela ayizuphela engezuphela ingezuphela
Class 10 zizophela ezizophela zizophela azizuphela ezingezuphela zingezuphela
Class 11 luzophela oluzophela luzophela aluzuphela olungezuphela lungezuphela
Class 14 buzophela obuzophela buzophela abuzuphela obungezuphela bungezuphela
Class 15 kuzophela okuzophela kuzophela akuzuphela okungezuphela kungezuphela
Class 17 kuzophela okuzophela kuzophela akuzuphela okungezuphela kungezuphela
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyophela engiyophela ngiyophela angiyuphela engingeyuphela ngingeyuphela
2nd singular uyophela oyophela uyophela awuyuphela ongeyuphela ungeyuphela
1st plural siyophela esiyophela siyophela asiyuphela esingeyuphela singeyuphela
2nd plural niyophela eniyophela niyophela aniyuphela eningeyuphela ningeyuphela
Class 1 uyophela oyophela eyophela akayuphela ongeyuphela engeyuphela
Class 2 bayophela abayophela beyophela abayuphela abangeyuphela bengeyuphela
Class 3 uyophela oyophela uyophela awuyuphela ongeyuphela ungeyuphela
Class 4 iyophela eyophela iyophela ayiyuphela engeyuphela ingeyuphela
Class 5 liyophela eliyophela liyophela aliyuphela elingeyuphela lingeyuphela
Class 6 ayophela ayophela eyophela awayuphela angeyuphela engeyuphela
Class 7 siyophela esiyophela siyophela asiyuphela esingeyuphela singeyuphela
Class 8 ziyophela eziyophela ziyophela aziyuphela ezingeyuphela zingeyuphela
Class 9 iyophela eyophela iyophela ayiyuphela engeyuphela ingeyuphela
Class 10 ziyophela eziyophela ziyophela aziyuphela ezingeyuphela zingeyuphela
Class 11 luyophela oluyophela luyophela aluyuphela olungeyuphela lungeyuphela
Class 14 buyophela obuyophela buyophela abuyuphela obungeyuphela bungeyuphela
Class 15 kuyophela okuyophela kuyophela akuyuphela okungeyuphela kungeyuphela
Class 17 kuyophela okuyophela kuyophela akuyuphela okungeyuphela kungeyuphela
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngiphele ngingapheli
2nd singular uphele ungapheli
1st plural siphele singapheli
2nd plural niphele ningapheli
Class 1 aphele angapheli
Class 2 baphele bangapheli
Class 3 uphele ungapheli
Class 4 iphele ingapheli
Class 5 liphele lingapheli
Class 6 aphele angapheli
Class 7 siphele singapheli
Class 8 ziphele zingapheli
Class 9 iphele ingapheli
Class 10 ziphele zingapheli
Class 11 luphele lungapheli
Class 14 buphele bungapheli
Class 15 kuphele kungapheli
Class 17 kuphele kungapheli
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngaphela ngangaphela, angaphela, angangaphela
2nd singular waphela wangaphela, awaphela, awangaphela
1st plural saphela sangaphela, asaphela, asangaphela
2nd plural naphela nangaphela, anaphela, anangaphela
Class 1 waphela wangaphela, akaphela, akangaphela
Class 2 baphela bangaphela, abaphela, abangaphela
Class 3 waphela wangaphela, awaphela, awangaphela
Class 4 yaphela yangaphela, ayaphela, ayangaphela
Class 5 laphela langaphela, alaphela, alangaphela
Class 6 aphela angaphela, awaphela, awangaphela
Class 7 saphela sangaphela, asaphela, asangaphela
Class 8 zaphela zangaphela, azaphela, azangaphela
Class 9 yaphela yangaphela, ayaphela, ayangaphela
Class 10 zaphela zangaphela, azaphela, azangaphela
Class 11 lwaphela lwangaphela, alwaphela, alwangaphela
Class 14 baphela bangaphela, abaphela, abangaphela
Class 15 kwaphela kwangaphela, akwaphela, akwangaphela
Class 17 kwaphela kwangaphela, akwaphela, akwangaphela

Etymology 2[edit]

From impela.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /pʰêːla/

Adverb[edit]

phêla

  1. absolutely, actually, certainly, indeed, really, truly

References[edit]