phetha

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Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

-phetha?

  1. to conclude

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Zulu[edit]

Verb[edit]

-phetha

  1. (transitive) to hem
  2. (transitive) to complete, to conclude, to finish

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukuphetha
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuphetha ukungaphethi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular phetha -phethe
Plural phethani -phetheni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyaphetha, ngiphetha engiphethayo, engiphetha ngiphetha angiphethi engingaphethi ngingaphethi
2nd singular uyaphetha, uphetha ophethayo, ophetha uphetha awuphethi ongaphethi ungaphethi
1st plural siyaphetha, siphetha esiphethayo, esiphetha siphetha asiphethi esingaphethi singaphethi
2nd plural niyaphetha, niphetha eniphethayo, eniphetha niphetha aniphethi eningaphethi ningaphethi
Class 1 uyaphetha, uphetha ophethayo, ophetha ephetha akaphethi ongaphethi engaphethi
Class 2 bayaphetha, baphetha abaphethayo, abaphetha bephetha abaphethi abangaphethi bengaphethi
Class 3 uyaphetha, uphetha ophethayo, ophetha uphetha awuphethi ongaphethi ungaphethi
Class 4 iyaphetha, iphetha ephethayo, ephetha iphetha ayiphethi engaphethi ingaphethi
Class 5 liyaphetha, liphetha eliphethayo, eliphetha liphetha aliphethi elingaphethi lingaphethi
Class 6 ayaphetha, aphetha aphethayo, aphetha ephetha awaphethi angaphethi engaphethi
Class 7 siyaphetha, siphetha esiphethayo, esiphetha siphetha asiphethi esingaphethi singaphethi
Class 8 ziyaphetha, ziphetha eziphethayo, eziphetha ziphetha aziphethi ezingaphethi zingaphethi
Class 9 iyaphetha, iphetha ephethayo, ephetha iphetha ayiphethi engaphethi ingaphethi
Class 10 ziyaphetha, ziphetha eziphethayo, eziphetha ziphetha aziphethi ezingaphethi zingaphethi
Class 11 luyaphetha, luphetha oluphethayo, oluphetha luphetha aluphethi olungaphethi lungaphethi
Class 14 buyaphetha, buphetha obuphethayo, obuphetha buphetha abuphethi obungaphethi bungaphethi
Class 15 kuyaphetha, kuphetha okuphethayo, okuphetha kuphetha akuphethi okungaphethi kungaphethi
Class 17 kuyaphetha, kuphetha okuphethayo, okuphetha kuphetha akuphethi okungaphethi kungaphethi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiphethile, ngiphethē engiphethile, engiphethē ngiphethile, ngiphethē angiphethanga engingaphethanga ngingaphethanga
2nd singular uphethile, uphethē ophethile, ophethē uphethile, uphethē awuphethanga ongaphethanga ungaphethanga
1st plural siphethile, siphethē esiphethile, esiphethē siphethile, siphethē asiphethanga esingaphethanga singaphethanga
2nd plural niphethile, niphethē eniphethile, eniphethē niphethile, niphethē aniphethanga eningaphethanga ningaphethanga
Class 1 uphethile, uphethē ophethile, ophethē ephethile, ephethē akaphethanga ongaphethanga engaphethanga
Class 2 baphethile, baphethē abaphethile, abaphethē bephethile, bephethē abaphethanga abangaphethanga bengaphethanga
Class 3 uphethile, uphethē ophethile, ophethē uphethile, uphethē awuphethanga ongaphethanga ungaphethanga
Class 4 iphethile, iphethē ephethile, ephethē iphethile, iphethē ayiphethanga engaphethanga ingaphethanga
Class 5 liphethile, liphethē eliphethile, eliphethē liphethile, liphethē aliphethanga elingaphethanga lingaphethanga
Class 6 aphethile, aphethē aphethile, aphethē ephethile, ephethē awaphethanga angaphethanga engaphethanga
Class 7 siphethile, siphethē esiphethile, esiphethē siphethile, siphethē asiphethanga esingaphethanga singaphethanga
Class 8 ziphethile, ziphethē eziphethile, eziphethē ziphethile, ziphethē aziphethanga ezingaphethanga zingaphethanga
Class 9 iphethile, iphethē ephethile, ephethē iphethile, iphethē ayiphethanga engaphethanga ingaphethanga
Class 10 ziphethile, ziphethē eziphethile, eziphethē ziphethile, ziphethē aziphethanga ezingaphethanga zingaphethanga
Class 11 luphethile, luphethē oluphethile, oluphethē luphethile, luphethē aluphethanga olungaphethanga lungaphethanga
Class 14 buphethile, buphethē obuphethile, obuphethē buphethile, buphethē abuphethanga obungaphethanga bungaphethanga
Class 15 kuphethile, kuphethē okuphethile, okuphethē kuphethile, kuphethē akuphethanga okungaphethanga kungaphethanga
Class 17 kuphethile, kuphethē okuphethile, okuphethē kuphethile, kuphethē akuphethanga okungaphethanga kungaphethanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāphetha engāphetha ngāphetha angiphethanga engingaphethanga ngingaphethanga
2nd singular wāphetha owāphetha wāphetha awuphethanga ongaphethanga ungaphethanga
1st plural sāphetha esāphetha sāphetha asiphethanga esingaphethanga singaphethanga
2nd plural nāphetha enāphetha nāphetha aniphethanga eningaphethanga ningaphethanga
Class 1 wāphetha owāphetha āphetha akaphethanga ongaphethanga engaphethanga
Class 2 bāphetha abāphetha bāphetha abaphethanga abangaphethanga bengaphethanga
Class 3 wāphetha owāphetha wāphetha awuphethanga ongaphethanga ungaphethanga
Class 4 yāphetha eyāphetha yāphetha ayiphethanga engaphethanga ingaphethanga
Class 5 lāphetha elāphetha lāphetha aliphethanga elingaphethanga lingaphethanga
Class 6 āphetha āphetha āphetha awaphethanga angaphethanga engaphethanga
Class 7 sāphetha esāphetha sāphetha asiphethanga esingaphethanga singaphethanga
Class 8 zāphetha ezāphetha zāphetha aziphethanga ezingaphethanga zingaphethanga
Class 9 yāphetha eyāphetha yāphetha ayiphethanga engaphethanga ingaphethanga
Class 10 zāphetha ezāphetha zāphetha aziphethanga ezingaphethanga zingaphethanga
Class 11 lwāphetha olwāphetha lwāphetha aluphethanga olungaphethanga lungaphethanga
Class 14 bāphetha obāphetha bāphetha abuphethanga obungaphethanga bungaphethanga
Class 15 kwāphetha okwāphetha kwāphetha akuphethanga okungaphethanga kungaphethanga
Class 17 kwāphetha okwāphetha kwāphetha akuphethanga okungaphethanga kungaphethanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingaphetha ngingaphetha ngingephethe ngingephethe
2nd singular ungaphetha ungaphetha ungephethe ungephethe
1st plural singaphetha singaphetha singephethe singephethe
2nd plural ningaphetha ningaphetha ningephethe ningephethe
Class 1 angaphetha engaphetha angephethe engephethe
Class 2 bangaphetha bengaphetha bangephethe bengephethe
Class 3 ungaphetha ungaphetha ungephethe ungephethe
Class 4 ingaphetha ingaphetha ingephethe ingephethe
Class 5 lingaphetha lingaphetha lingephethe lingephethe
Class 6 angaphetha engaphetha angephethe engephethe
Class 7 singaphetha singaphetha singephethe singephethe
Class 8 zingaphetha zingaphetha zingephethe zingephethe
Class 9 ingaphetha ingaphetha ingephethe ingephethe
Class 10 zingaphetha zingaphetha zingephethe zingephethe
Class 11 lungaphetha lungaphetha lungephethe lungephethe
Class 14 bungaphetha bungaphetha bungephethe bungephethe
Class 15 kungaphetha kungaphetha kungephethe kungephethe
Class 17 kungaphetha kungaphetha kungephethe kungephethe
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizophetha engizophetha ngizophetha angizuphetha engingezuphetha ngingezuphetha
2nd singular uzophetha ozophetha uzophetha awuzuphetha ongezuphetha ungezuphetha
1st plural sizophetha esizophetha sizophetha asizuphetha esingezuphetha singezuphetha
2nd plural nizophetha enizophetha nizophetha anizuphetha eningezuphetha ningezuphetha
Class 1 uzophetha ozophetha ezophetha akazuphetha ongezuphetha engezuphetha
Class 2 bazophetha abazophetha bezophetha abazuphetha abangezuphetha bengezuphetha
Class 3 uzophetha ozophetha uzophetha awuzuphetha ongezuphetha ungezuphetha
Class 4 izophetha ezophetha izophetha ayizuphetha engezuphetha ingezuphetha
Class 5 lizophetha elizophetha lizophetha alizuphetha elingezuphetha lingezuphetha
Class 6 azophetha azophetha ezophetha awazuphetha angezuphetha engezuphetha
Class 7 sizophetha esizophetha sizophetha asizuphetha esingezuphetha singezuphetha
Class 8 zizophetha ezizophetha zizophetha azizuphetha ezingezuphetha zingezuphetha
Class 9 izophetha ezophetha izophetha ayizuphetha engezuphetha ingezuphetha
Class 10 zizophetha ezizophetha zizophetha azizuphetha ezingezuphetha zingezuphetha
Class 11 luzophetha oluzophetha luzophetha aluzuphetha olungezuphetha lungezuphetha
Class 14 buzophetha obuzophetha buzophetha abuzuphetha obungezuphetha bungezuphetha
Class 15 kuzophetha okuzophetha kuzophetha akuzuphetha okungezuphetha kungezuphetha
Class 17 kuzophetha okuzophetha kuzophetha akuzuphetha okungezuphetha kungezuphetha
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyophetha engiyophetha ngiyophetha angiyuphetha engingeyuphetha ngingeyuphetha
2nd singular uyophetha oyophetha uyophetha awuyuphetha ongeyuphetha ungeyuphetha
1st plural siyophetha esiyophetha siyophetha asiyuphetha esingeyuphetha singeyuphetha
2nd plural niyophetha eniyophetha niyophetha aniyuphetha eningeyuphetha ningeyuphetha
Class 1 uyophetha oyophetha eyophetha akayuphetha ongeyuphetha engeyuphetha
Class 2 bayophetha abayophetha beyophetha abayuphetha abangeyuphetha bengeyuphetha
Class 3 uyophetha oyophetha uyophetha awuyuphetha ongeyuphetha ungeyuphetha
Class 4 iyophetha eyophetha iyophetha ayiyuphetha engeyuphetha ingeyuphetha
Class 5 liyophetha eliyophetha liyophetha aliyuphetha elingeyuphetha lingeyuphetha
Class 6 ayophetha ayophetha eyophetha awayuphetha angeyuphetha engeyuphetha
Class 7 siyophetha esiyophetha siyophetha asiyuphetha esingeyuphetha singeyuphetha
Class 8 ziyophetha eziyophetha ziyophetha aziyuphetha ezingeyuphetha zingeyuphetha
Class 9 iyophetha eyophetha iyophetha ayiyuphetha engeyuphetha ingeyuphetha
Class 10 ziyophetha eziyophetha ziyophetha aziyuphetha ezingeyuphetha zingeyuphetha
Class 11 luyophetha oluyophetha luyophetha aluyuphetha olungeyuphetha lungeyuphetha
Class 14 buyophetha obuyophetha buyophetha abuyuphetha obungeyuphetha bungeyuphetha
Class 15 kuyophetha okuyophetha kuyophetha akuyuphetha okungeyuphetha kungeyuphetha
Class 17 kuyophetha okuyophetha kuyophetha akuyuphetha okungeyuphetha kungeyuphetha
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngiphethe ngingaphethi
2nd singular uphethe ungaphethi
1st plural siphethe singaphethi
2nd plural niphethe ningaphethi
Class 1 aphethe angaphethi
Class 2 baphethe bangaphethi
Class 3 uphethe ungaphethi
Class 4 iphethe ingaphethi
Class 5 liphethe lingaphethi
Class 6 aphethe angaphethi
Class 7 siphethe singaphethi
Class 8 ziphethe zingaphethi
Class 9 iphethe ingaphethi
Class 10 ziphethe zingaphethi
Class 11 luphethe lungaphethi
Class 14 buphethe bungaphethi
Class 15 kuphethe kungaphethi
Class 17 kuphethe kungaphethi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngaphetha ngangaphetha, angaphetha, angangaphetha
2nd singular waphetha wangaphetha, awaphetha, awangaphetha
1st plural saphetha sangaphetha, asaphetha, asangaphetha
2nd plural naphetha nangaphetha, anaphetha, anangaphetha
Class 1 waphetha wangaphetha, akaphetha, akangaphetha
Class 2 baphetha bangaphetha, abaphetha, abangaphetha
Class 3 waphetha wangaphetha, awaphetha, awangaphetha
Class 4 yaphetha yangaphetha, ayaphetha, ayangaphetha
Class 5 laphetha langaphetha, alaphetha, alangaphetha
Class 6 aphetha angaphetha, awaphetha, awangaphetha
Class 7 saphetha sangaphetha, asaphetha, asangaphetha
Class 8 zaphetha zangaphetha, azaphetha, azangaphetha
Class 9 yaphetha yangaphetha, ayaphetha, ayangaphetha
Class 10 zaphetha zangaphetha, azaphetha, azangaphetha
Class 11 lwaphetha lwangaphetha, alwaphetha, alwangaphetha
Class 14 baphetha bangaphetha, abaphetha, abangaphetha
Class 15 kwaphetha kwangaphetha, akwaphetha, akwangaphetha
Class 17 kwaphetha kwangaphetha, akwaphetha, akwangaphetha

References[edit]