pilgrim

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Pilgrim

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English pilegrim, from Old French pelegrin, from Latin peregrīnus (foreigner). Doublet of peregrine.

The change of –r...r– to –l...r– is an effect of dissimilation in early Romance; compare Italian cognate pellegrino.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɪlɡɹɪm/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: pil‧grim

Noun[edit]

pilgrim (plural pilgrims)

  1. One who travels, especially on a journey to visit sites of religious significance.
  2. (slang) A newcomer.
  3. (historical) A silk screen formerly attached to the back of a woman's bonnet to protect the neck.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

pilgrim (third-person singular simple present pilgrims, present participle pilgriming, simple past and past participle pilgrimed)

  1. (intransitive) To journey; to wander; to ramble.
    • 1681, Nehemiah Grew, Musaeum Regalis Societatis, or, A catalogue & description of the natural and artificial rarities belonging to the Royal Society and preserved at Gresham Colledge
      For that he hath no certain home, or diet, but pilgrims up and down every where, feeding upon all sorts of Plants
    • 1851 Thomas Carlyle, The Life of John Sterling
      [T]o all galleries, churches, sistine chapels, ruins, coliseums, and artistic or dilettante shrines he zealously pilgrimed[.]

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse pílagrímr (pilgrim), from Medieval Latin pelegrinus, from Latin peregrīnus (foreigner, traveler).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pilɡrɛm/, [ˈpʰilˌɡ̊ʁɛmˀ], [ˈpʰilˌɡ̊ʁɛm] or IPA(key): /piːlɡrɛm/, [ˈpʰiːlˌɡ̊ʁɛmˀ], [ˈpʰiːlˌɡ̊ʁɛm]

Noun[edit]

pilgrim c (singular definite pilgrimmen, plural indefinite pilgrimme)

  1. pilgrim (traveller, especially to religious sites)

Inflection[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

pilgrim (plural pilgrimes)

  1. Alternative form of pilegrim

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse pílagrímr (pilgrim), from Medieval Latin pelegrinus, from Latin peregrīnus (foreigner, traveler).

Noun[edit]

pilgrim c

  1. pilgrim

Declension[edit]

Declension of pilgrim 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative pilgrim pilgrimen pilgrimer pilgrimerna
Genitive pilgrims pilgrimens pilgrimers pilgrimernas

Derived terms[edit]