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From Late Latin plēthōra, from Ancient Greek πληθώρη (plēthṓrē, fullness, satiety), from πλήθω (plḗthō, to be full) +‎ (, nominal suffix).



plethora (plural plethorae or plethoras)

  1. (usually followed by of) An excessive amount or number; an abundance.
    The menu offers a plethora of cuisines from around the world.
    • 1817, Francis Jeffrey, review of Lalla Rookh, in the Edinburgh Review
      He labours under a plethora of wit and imagination.
    • 1849, Herman Melville, Redburn. His First Voyage
      I pushed my seat right up before the most insolent gazer, a short fat man, with a plethora of cravat round his neck, and fixing my gaze on his, gave him more gazes than he sent.
    • 1927, H.P. Lovecraft, Supernatural Horror in Literature (The Aftermath of Gothic Fiction)
      Meanwhile other hands had not been idle, so that above the dreary plethora of trash like Marquis von Grosse's Horrid Mysteries..., there arose many memorable weird works both in English and German.
    • 1986, Lorne Michaels, Steve Martin, Randy Newman, ¡Three Amigos! (film)
      Jefe: We have many beautiful piñatas for your birthday celebration, each one filled with little surprises!
      El Guapo: How many piñatas?
      Jefe: Many piñatas, many!
      El Guapo: Jefe, would you say I have a plethora of piñatas?
      Jefe: A what?
      El Guapo: A plethora.
      Jefe: Oh yes, El Guapo. You have a plethora.
      El Guapo: Jefe, what is a plethora?
      Jefe: Why, El Guapo?
      El Guapo: Well, you just told me that I had a plethora, and I would just like to know if you know what it means to have a plethora. I would not like to think that someone would tell someone else he has a plethora, and then find out that that person has no idea what it means to have a plethora.
      Jefe: El Guapo, I know that I, Jefe, do not have your superior intellect and education, but could it be that once again, you are angry at something else, and are looking to take it out on me?
    • 2005, Sean Dooley, The Big Twitch, Sydney: Allen and Unwin, page 233:
      The story of the woodhen is one outstanding conservation triumph in a plethora of tragedy.
  2. (medicine) Chronic excess of blood in the skin, usually in the face.


Related terms[edit]


See also[edit]




See also: plētūra


From Ancient Greek πληθώρη (plēthṓrē, fullness, satiety), from πλήθω (plḗthō, to be full) +‎ (, nominal suffix).


(Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /pleˈto.ra/, [plɛˈt̪ɔːrɑ]


plēthōra f (genitive plēthōrae); first declension

  1. (Late Latin) plethora


First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative plēthōra plēthōrae
Genitive plēthōrae plēthōrārum
Dative plēthōrae plēthōrīs
Accusative plēthōram plēthōrās
Ablative plēthōrā plēthōrīs
Vocative plēthōra plēthōrae


  • English: plethora