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From Late Latin plēthōra, from Ancient Greek πληθώρη (plēthṓrē, fullness, satiety), from πλήθω (plḗthō, to be full) +‎ (, nominal suffix).



plethora (countable and uncountable, plural plethorae or plethoras)

  1. (usually followed by of) An excessive amount or number; an abundance.
    The menu offers a plethora of cuisines from around the world.
    • 1817, Francis Jeffrey, review of Lalla Rookh, in the Edinburgh Review
      He labours under a plethora of wit and imagination.
    • 1849, Herman Melville, Redburn: His First Voyage. [], 1st American edition, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, [], →OCLC:
      I pushed my seat right up before the most insolent gazer, a short fat man, with a plethora of cravat round his neck, and fixing my gaze on his, gave him more gazes than he sent.
    • 1927, H.P. Lovecraft, Supernatural Horror in Literature (The Aftermath of Gothic Fiction):
      Meanwhile other hands had not been idle, so that above the dreary plethora of trash like Marquis von Grosse's Horrid Mysteries..., there arose many memorable weird works both in English and German.
    • 1986, Lorne Michaels, Steve Martin, Randy Newman, ¡Three Amigos! (film)
      Jefe: We have many beautiful piñatas for your birthday celebration, each one filled with little surprises!
      El Guapo: How many piñatas?
      Jefe: Many piñatas, many!
      El Guapo: Jefe, would you say I have a plethora of piñatas?
      Jefe: A what?
      El Guapo: A plethora.
      Jefe: Oh yes, El Guapo. You have a plethora.
    • 2005, Sean Dooley, The Big Twitch, Sydney: Allen and Unwin, page 233:
      The story of the woodhen is one outstanding conservation triumph in a plethora of tragedy.
  2. (medicine) Excess of blood in the skin, especially in the face and especially chronically.
    • 1777, Richard Brinsley Sheridan, The School for Scandal, IV.iii:
      [Y]our Character at Present is like a Person in a Plethora, absolutely dying of too much Health—
    • 1953, Samuel Beckett, Watt, Olympia Press:
      The food necessary for the maintenance of his dog, a bull-terrier, in the condition of ferocious plethora to which it was accustomed, he generously declared himself willing to pay for out of his own pocket, []



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See also: plētūra


From Ancient Greek πληθώρη (plēthṓrē, fullness, satiety), from πλήθω (plḗthō, to be full) +‎ (, nominal suffix).


(Classical) IPA(key): /pleːˈtʰoː.ra/, [pɫ̪eːˈt̪ʰoːrä]


plēthōra f (genitive plēthōrae); first declension

  1. (Late Latin) plethora


First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative plēthōra plēthōrae
Genitive plēthōrae plēthōrārum
Dative plēthōrae plēthōrīs
Accusative plēthōram plēthōrās
Ablative plēthōrā plēthōrīs
Vocative plēthōra plēthōrae


  • English: plethora