- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /pɹiːˈpɹan.dɪ.əl/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˌpɹiˈpɹæn.di.əl/
- Hyphenation: pre‧prand‧ial
- Of, relating to or occurring during the time before dinner.
1854, “The Ant-eater”, in Bentley's Miscellany, volume XXXV, London: Richard Bentley, New Burlington Street, page 550:
- Whilst meditating on the beauty and design as shown in the ant-eater, whose præprandial movements I was intently watching, a young gentleman (not a naturalist) asked me, sotto voce, "what is that contrivance?" "It is a contrivance," said I, "for catching ants, and that is why he is called the ant-eater," I continued to a young lady, who wanted to know the meaning of his name.
- 2006, Daniel Kehlmann; Carol Brown Janeway, transl., Measuring the World, 1st American edition, New York, N.Y.: Pantheon Books, ISBN 978-0-375-42446-5; republished London: Quercus, 2007, ISBN 978-1-84724-114-6, page 251:
- Gauss laid aside his pipe, pulled his velvet cap over the back of his head, returned the Russian dictionary and the little volume of Pushkin to the shelf, and prepared to go for his preprandial walk.
2007, Margarita de Veciana; Arthur T. Evans, “Endocrine Disorders: Diabetes”, in Arthur T. Evans, editor, Manual of Obstetrics, 7th edition, Philadelphia, Pa.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, ISBN 978-0-7817-9696-5, page 285:
- Patients who demonstrate significant insulin resistance at diagnosis and require insulin therapy may alternate preprandial and postprandial evaluations to enable more rapid optimization of control by using an additional supplemental insulin sliding scale as needed to cover preprandial hyperglycaemia (>100 ml per dl) […].
2008, Ann M. Manzardo; Donald W. Goodwin; Jan L. Campbell; Elizabeth C. Penick; William F. Gabrielli, Jr., “The Symptoms”, in Alcoholism (The Facts), 4th edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-923139-3, page 47:
- Social drinkers (as they are sometimes called) may have excellent control over the amount they drink and still look forward to a preprandial aperitif (and miss it when they do not get one).
2010, Johannes Zschocke, “Function Tests”, in Georg F. Hoffmann, Johannes Zschocke, and William L[eo] Nyhan, editors, Inherited Metabolic Diseases: A Clinical Approach, Heidelberg: Springer, DOI:10.1007/978-3-540-74723-9, ISBN 978-3-540-74722-2, page 347, column 1:
- The standardized analysis of metabolic parameters in the preprandial and postprandial state may provide important functional clues for the diagnosis of metabolic disorders.
2015, “Answers”, in Kathleen P. Freeman and Stefanie Klenner, editors, Veterinary Clinical Pathology: A Case-based Approach, Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press, ISBN 978-1-4822-2587-7, page 132:
- The slight increase in pre-prandial and post-prandial bile acids are suggestive of hepatic dysfunction, but other causes of slight elevations, such as pancreatic or gastrointestinal disease, cannot be ruled out.
preprandial (plural preprandials)
- A predinner drink; an apéritif.
- 1991, Bernard Bannerman, chapter 4, in The Judge's Song, [U.K.]: Sphere Books, ISBN 978-0-7474-0520-7; republished Sandy, Bedfordshire: Authors OnLine, 2009, ISBN 978-0-7552-0469-4:
- 'How's Allison?' I asked over preprandials. He smiled as I ordered Southern Comfort – no ice, no soda; he liked the idea that some things don't change.