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Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *per. Compare prior, prīmus, prīscus, prīstinus.



prīvus (feminine prīva, neuter prīvum); first/second declension

  1. one's own, private, peculiar, particular


First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative prīvus prīva prīvum prīvī prīvae prīva
genitive prīvī prīvae prīvī prīvōrum prīvārum prīvōrum
dative prīvō prīvō prīvīs
accusative prīvum prīvam prīvum prīvōs prīvās prīva
ablative prīvō prīvā prīvō prīvīs
vocative prīve prīva prīvum prīvī prīvae prīva

Derived terms[edit]


  • privus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • privus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “privus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • privus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette