From the Ancient Greek ψῆφος (psêphos, “pebble”); the later, electoral sense stems from the ancient Athenian method of voting by putting a pebble in a ballot box (for which sense see psephisma and psephophoria).
- (Received Pronunciation) enPR: psēf, psĕf, IPA(key): /psiːf/, /psɛf/
- (US) enPR: psēf, IPA(key): /psif/
- When combined with a word or another affix which begins with a consonant, this prefix concatenates with the interfix -o- (as psepho-).
- Of the pronunciations in use, psēf— is the most etymologically consistent.
Terms derived in the sense “pebble”, “small stone”
Terms derived in the sense “voting”, “election”; “ballot box”
Terms ultimately deriving from ψῆφος (psēphos, “pebble”) but not formed with this prefix
- “Oxford English Dictionary [2nd Ed.; 1989] ” listed in the
- “draft revision; June 2008] ” listed in the Oxford English Dictionary [