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saxum (a stone, rock)


From Old Latin saxom, from Proto-Indo-European *sek- (cut), compare Old Church Slavonic сѣчиво (sěčivo, ax, hatchet), Lithuanian isekti (to engrave, carve), Albanian sate (mattock), Old Saxon segasna, Old English sigðe (scythe), Old English secg (sword), seax (knife, short sword), Old Iranian doescim "I cut".



saxum n (genitive saxī); second declension

  1. stone, rock (a large, rough fragment of rock)
    • Aaron Stone, season 1 episode 16:
      Responsum est sub saxo.
      The answer is under the rock.
  2. (by extension) wall of stone


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative saxum saxa
genitive saxī saxōrum
dative saxō saxīs
accusative saxum saxa
ablative saxō saxīs
vocative saxum saxa


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  • saxum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • saxum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “saxum”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • saxum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • steep rocks: saxa praerupta
    • the rocks re-echo: saxa voci respondent or resonant
    • to pave a road: viam sternere (silice, saxo)
    • to throw some one down the Tarpeian rock: deicere aliquem de saxo Tarpeio
  • saxum in Samuel Ball Platner (1929), Thomas Ashby, editor, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, London: Oxford University Press