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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English shovele, schovel, showell, shoule, shole (> English dialectal shoul, shool), from Old English sċofl (shovel), from Proto-Germanic *skuflō, *skūflō (shovel), equivalent to shove +‎ -el (instrumental/agent suffix). Cognate with Scots shuffle, shule, shuil (shovel), Saterland Frisian Sköifel (shovel), West Frisian skoffel, schoffel (hoe, spade, shovel), Dutch schoffel (spade, hoe), Low German Schüfel, Schuffel (shovel), German Schaufel (shovel), Danish skovl (shovel), Swedish skyffel, skovel (shovel), Icelandic skófla (shovel).


shool (plural shools)

  1. (obsolete or dialectal) A shovel.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: [] Robert Barker, [], →OCLC, 2 Kings 25:14:
      And the pots, and the shouels, and the snuffers, and the spoones, and all the vessels of brasse wherewith they ministred, tooke they away.
    • 2003 And the pots, and the shovels, and the wick trimmers, and the ladles, and all the vessels of bronze with which they ministered, they took away. (2 Kings 25:14, Authorized Version of 1611 (King James Version), 2003 edition)
  2. (obsolete or dialectal) A spade.
    • 2010, Anatoly Liberman, Ari Hoptman, Nathan E. Carlson, “shool spade see shovel”, in A Bibliography of English Etymology, Volumes 1-2, U of Minnesota Press, page 785:


shool (third-person singular simple present shools, present participle shooling, simple past and past participle shooled)

  1. To move materials with a shovel.
    The workers were shooling gravel and tarmac into the pothole in the road.
  2. (transitive, figuratively) To move with a shoveling motion, to cover as by shoveling
    • 1898 The Winter's Tale [Annotated] by William Shakespeare, H. H. Furness, page 236, [Annotation for line] 511. shouels-in...Jamieson (Scottish Dict. Suppl.) gives: 'Shool, A shovel' and 'To shool on, metaph. to cover, as in a grave.'
  3. To shuffle or shamble.
  4. To go about begging.
    • 1748, Tobias Smollett, The Adventures of Roderick Random:
      Howsomever, I should have remembered the old saying, every hog his own apple: for when they found my hold unstowed, they went all hands to shooling and begging; and, because I would not take a spell at the same duty, refused to give me the least assistance; []


  •, Retrieved 2013-02-14
    Definition of Shool 1. to shovel [v -ED, -ING, -S] - See also: shovel
  •, Retrieved 2013-02-14
    shool n (Engineering / Tools) a dialect word for shovel,
  •, Retrieved 2013-02-14
    shool — n a dialect word for shovel,
  •, Retrieved 2013-02-14
    Definition of SHOOL...
    1 chiefly dial : to drag or scrape along : shamble, shuffle
    2: to loaf or idle about begging : loiter, saunter

Etymology 2[edit]


shool (plural shools)

  1. Dated form of shul (Ashkenazic synagogue).