shrive

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English shryven, shriven, schrifen, from Old English sċrīfan (1. to decree, pass judgement, prescribe, 2. (of a priest) to prescribe penance or absolution), from late Proto-Germanic *skrībaną, a borrowing from Latin scrībō (write). Compare West Frisian skriuwe (to write), Low German schrieven (to write), Dutch schrijven (to write), German schreiben (to write), Danish skrive (to write), Swedish skriva (to write), Icelandic skrifa (to write). More at scribe.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: shrīv, IPA(key): /ˈʃɹaɪv/
  • Rhymes: -aɪv
    • (file)

Verb[edit]

shrive (third-person singular simple present shrives, present participle shriving, simple past shrove or shrived, past participle shriven or shrived)

  1. (religion, transitive and intransitive) To hear or receive a confession (of sins etc.)
  2. (religion, transitive) To prescribe penance or absolution.
  3. (religion, intransitive or reflexive) To confess, and receive absolution.
    • c. 1798-1845, unknown author, The Croppy Boy
      'Twas a good thought, boy, to come here and shrive.

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Middle English[edit]

Verb[edit]

shrive

  1. Alternative form of shryven