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From Proto-Indo-European *swerd- (dirty, dark, black). Cognate to German schwarz, Dutch zwart, English and West Frisian swart, Danish sort.



sordeō (present infinitive sordēre, perfect active sorduī); second conjugation, no passive

  1. I am dirty, filthy or foul.
  2. (figuratively) I am mean or base.
  3. (figuratively) I am despised, slighted or held of no account.


  • The third principal part is shared with sordēscō.
   Conjugation of sordeo (second conjugation, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sordeō sordēs sordet sordēmus sordētis sordent
imperfect sordēbam sordēbās sordēbat sordēbāmus sordēbātis sordēbant
future sordēbō sordēbis sordēbit sordēbimus sordēbitis sordēbunt
perfect sorduī sorduistī sorduit sorduimus sorduistis sorduērunt, sorduēre
pluperfect sordueram sorduerās sorduerat sorduerāmus sorduerātis sorduerant
future perfect sorduerō sordueris sorduerit sorduerimus sordueritis sorduerint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sordeam sordeās sordeat sordeāmus sordeātis sordeant
imperfect sordērem sordērēs sordēret sordērēmus sordērētis sordērent
perfect sorduerim sorduerīs sorduerit sorduerīmus sorduerītis sorduerint
pluperfect sorduissem sorduissēs sorduisset sorduissēmus sorduissētis sorduissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sordē sordēte
future sordētō sordētō sordētōte sordentō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives sordēre sorduisse
participles sordēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
sordēre sordendī sordendō sordendum

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • sordeo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sordeo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sordeo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette