staðr

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Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *stadiz ‎(place, location). Cognate with Old English stede, Old Frisian stede, Old Saxon stedi, Old Dutch stede, stat, Old High German stat, Gothic 𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌸𐍃 ‎(staþs).
Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *stéh₂tis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (12th century Icelandic) IPA(key): /ˈstɑðr̩/

Noun[edit]

staðr m (genitive staðar, plural staðir)

  1. a place, spot, abode
    • Vǫluspá, verse 5, lines 9-10, in 1867, S. Bugge, Norrœn fornkvæði: Sæmundar Edda hins fróða. Christiania, page 2:
      [] stjǫrnur þat né vissu / hvar þær staði áttu.
      [] stars knew not / where their places were.
  2. a city, town, palace
    • Separate Saga of St. Olaf 24, in 1853, P. A. Munch, C. R. Unger, Saga Olafs konungs ens Helga. Copenhagen, page 21:
      [] þa er þeir helldo til Cantarabyrgis oc bavrðvz þar til þess er þeir unno staðinn.
      [] then they went to Canterbury and stood there until they were allowed into the town.
  3. a stop, pause, hesitation
    • Saga Hákonar Hákonarsonar 198, in 1835, F. Magnússon, C.C. Rafn, Fornmanna sögur. Volume IX, Copenhagen, page 461:
      [] þeim varð staðr á um andsvörin, ok þóttust sjá, til hvers ætlat var.
      [] they hesitated before giving an answer, and recognized what he was up to.
  4. (Christianity) a church, see, convent
    • Saga Hákonar Hákonarsonar 126, in 1835, F. Magnússon, C. C. Rafn, Fornmanna sögur. Volume IX, Copenhagen, page 369:
      [] þá hríngðu þeir herklukkunni at höfuðkirkjunni á staðinum.
      [] they rang the bells of the convent's cathedral.
  5. elasticity (of steel)
    • Svarfdæla saga 2, in 1830, A. Þorgilsson, Þ. Guðmundsson, Íslendínga sögur. Volume II, Copenhagen, page 118:
      [] þá lét hann aptr hlaupa, ok var þá úr allr staðrinn; []
      [] then he let go [of the point of the sword], and then [the sword] sprang in all its elasticity; []
  6. a mark, print
    • Ólafs saga Tryggvasonar 236, in 1860, G. Vigfússon, C. R. Unger, Flateyjarbók: En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Volume I, Christiania, page 283:
      [] ok sa þar önguann stad þeirra tidenda er þar hofdu uordit []
      [] and saw no traces of them having been there []

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • staðr in An Icelandic-English Dictionary, R. Cleasby and G. Vigfússon, Clarendon Press, 1874, at Internet Archive.
  • staðr in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.