strix

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See also: Strix

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin strix, from Ancient Greek στρίγξ (strínx, screecher).

Noun[edit]

strix (plural strixes or striges)

  1. (mythology) A bird-like demon feeding on human flesh and blood.
    • 2017, Ronald Hutton, The Witch, Yale University Press 2018, p. 69:
      What was distinctive about the strix was that […] it resembled an owl, or (to a lesser extent) a bat, being a winged, clawed creature, which flew by night and had a hideous screeching cry.

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek στρίξ (stríx, screecher), which also gave strī̆ga (evil spirit, nightmare; vampire; witch).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /striːks/, [s̠t̪ɾiːks̠] or IPA(key): /striks/, [s̠t̪ɾɪks̠]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /striks/, [st̪riks]
  • Note: on the evidence of Romance and the related term, the length of the vowel varied.

Noun[edit]

strī̆x f (genitive strī̆gis); third declension

  1. The screech-owl, a bird of ill omen believed to suck the blood of young children.
    1. (by extension) A female evil spirit, nocturnal apparition; a nightmare.
      Synonyms: volātica, malefica, venēfica, strī̆ga
Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative strī̆x strī̆gēs
Genitive strī̆gis strī̆gum
Dative strī̆gī strī̆gibus
Accusative strī̆gem strī̆gēs
Ablative strī̆ge strī̆gibus
Vocative strī̆x strī̆gēs
Descendants[edit]
  • Romanian: striga (to call, shout)
  • Sicilian: striula (barn owl)
  • English: strigine
  • Esperanto: strigo
  • Ido: strigo
  • Italian: strige
  • Portuguese: estrige
  • Spanish: estrige

Etymology 2[edit]

Possibly from a pre-Roman substrate of Iberia such as Celtiberian, from Proto-Indo-European *streyg- (to brush, strip, shear) and cognate to Latin striga (strip).

Noun[edit]

strix f (genitive strigis); third declension

  1. (Spain, hapax, dubious) A golden nugget.
    • Pliny, Natural History 33.62:
      Hispānia strigēs vocat aurī parvolās māssās.
Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative strix strigēs
Genitive strigis strigum
Dative strigī strigibus
Accusative strigem strigēs
Ablative strige strigibus
Vocative strix strigēs
References[edit]

References[edit]