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From Proto-Indo-European *(s)tewp-, from *(s)tew- (to push, hit). Cognates include Ancient Greek τύπτω (túptō, I strike), Sanskrit तोपति (tópati, to hurt), Albanian shtyj (to thrust), Old Church Slavonic тъпати (tŭpati), and Old English styntan (English stint), Old English stybb (English stub), Old English stēap (English steep)



stupeō (present infinitive stupēre, perfect active stupuī, supine stupītum); second conjugation, no passive

  1. (intransitive) I am stunned, stiffened or benumbed, stop, hesitate.
  2. (intransitive) I am dazed, speechless or silenced; I am astounded, confounded, aghast or amazed.
  3. (transitive) I am astonished or amazed at, wonder at.


   Conjugation of stupeo (second conjugation, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present stupeō stupēs stupet stupēmus stupētis stupent
imperfect stupēbam stupēbās stupēbat stupēbāmus stupēbātis stupēbant
future stupēbō stupēbis stupēbit stupēbimus stupēbitis stupēbunt
perfect stupuī stupuistī stupuit stupuimus stupuistis stupuērunt, stupuēre
pluperfect stupueram stupuerās stupuerat stupuerāmus stupuerātis stupuerant
future perfect stupuerō stupueris stupuerit stupuerimus stupueritis stupuerint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present stupeam stupeās stupeat stupeāmus stupeātis stupeant
imperfect stupērem stupērēs stupēret stupērēmus stupērētis stupērent
perfect stupuerim stupuerīs stupuerit stupuerīmus stupuerītis stupuerint
pluperfect stupuissem stupuissēs stupuisset stupuissēmus stupuissētis stupuissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present stupē stupēte
future stupētō stupētō stupētōte stupentō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives stupēre stupuisse
participles stupēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
stupēre stupendī stupendō stupendum


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]