superdominant

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

super- +‎ dominant

Adjective[edit]

superdominant ‎(comparative more superdominant, superlative most superdominant)

  1. (law) Having an overwhelming proportion of market share, so as to be almost a monopoly.
    • 2006, Claus-Dieter Ehlermann & ‎Isabela Atanasiu, European Competition Law Annual 2003, ISBN 1847310508:
      I would like to come back to the idea of making a distinction between so-called 'superdominant' companies and 'just dominant' companies.
    • 2011, Luis Ortiz Blanco, Market Power in EU Antitrust Law, ISBN 1847318495, page 50:
      According to O'Donoghue & Padilla (2006) 168–69, the concept of superdominance is problematic, given that there is no objective economic test that makes it possible to define when a company is superdominant and its behaviour should be subjected to greater scrutiny.
    • 2015, Katarina Pijetlovic, EU Sports Law and Breakaway Leagues in Football, ISBN 9462650489, page 211:
      Simply put, if the entity that is in superdominant position is allowed to justify its rules or conduct that have restrictive effect on the market, then the claimed benefits to the public interest should be proven genuine and not merely hypothetical.
  2. Having a disproportionate degree of influence or salience.
    • 1982, Annual Review of Jazz Studies - Volume 1, page 150:
      New York, and later, Chicago were superdominant major centers for entire sections of the country. It is easy to understand how they grew into the main centers of jazz.
    • 2012, L. Aschenbrenner, The Concept of Coherence in Art, ISBN 9400953275, page 24:
      The face becomes superdominant, the eye subdominant, but nothing is properly predominant.
    • 2012, Carl A. Grant & ‎Thandeka K. Chapman, History of Multicultural Education Volume 2, ISBN 1136501991, page 36:
      There is, therefore, a fairly complete control by the dominant culture of the institution of education—the institution that is the superdominant and required administrating arm of the rite de passage for all children.
  3. (biology) Holding a position of absolute dominance.
    • 1999, James Gray, Journal of Experimental Biology - Volume 202, Issue 23, page 3503:
      Although the level of agression was greatly reduced after the first day, the superdominant hierarchy persisted, although not always with the same superdominant individual.
    • 2003, Mary Jane West-Eberhard, Developmental Plasticity and Evolution, ISBN 0198028563:
      In the competition-dependent alternatives of a social insect colony or a lek, the frequency of dominant individuals need only be one to make subordinate alternatives more advantageous, and the frequency of dominant behavior may only vary between one (when the superdominant position of queen or harem chief is filled) and zero (when the position becomes vacant).
    • 2007, Richard L. Hyson & ‎Frank Johnson, The Biology of Early Influences, ISBN 0585295980, page 194:
      Studies of groups of 5 previously isolated juvenile crayfish grouped together in a small 18cm x 18cm square aquarium indicate that they form tyrannies, in which one animal is superdominant to the others (Issa et al., 1999).
  4. Extremely dominating; controlling.
    • 2002, Tom Monahan, The Do-It-Yourself Lobotomy, ISBN 0471263753, page 195:
      It's also important to note that we are attempting to identify the dominant and superdominant personality types as they relate to an individual's vital role on a particular team.
    • 2012, Desmond Morris, Peoplewatching: The Desmond Morris Guide to Body Language, ISBN 1407071491:
      It is therefore extremely important to the holy-men to keep the worshippers permanently obedient to the superdominant figures, and this is done in several ways.
  5. (genetics) Controlling or enhancing the expression of another pair of genes or chromosomes.
    • 1992, Soviet Genetics - Volume 28, Issues 1-6, page 820:
      If the collection of ten polymorphic loci contains both dominant and superdominant loci, the graph comprises the same line segment for any ratio of dominant and superdominant loci.
    • 2009, ‎Robert Trivers & ‎Austin Burt, Genes in Conflict: The Biology of Selfish Genetic Elements, ISBN 0674029119, page 87:
      Suppose a “superdominant” Y chromosome arose that could not be feminized by X*.
  6. (anatomy, of an artery) Sufficiently large so as to control the blood flow to an area.
    • 2008, Antoni Bayés de Luna, ‎Miquel Fiol-Sala & ‎Elliot M. Antman, The 12 Lead ECG in ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction, ISBN 1405173416, page 66:
      The RCA is dominant, but not superdominant, because the ST elevation in V 5-6 is a little smaller than 2 mm.
    • 2007, James T Willerson, ‎Jay N. Cohn & ‎Hein J.J. Wellens, Cardiovascular Medicine, ISBN 1846287154, page 774:
      In this rare anomaly, a large “superdominant” right coronary artery crosses the crux of the heart, ascending the atrioventricular groove to perfuse the posterior and lateral wall of the heart.
  7. (forestry) Rising above the general level of the overstory.
    • 1981, Sustained Yield Unit 13, Timber Management:
      The managed old-growth alternative would actively recruit an acceptable number of large snags over time by allowing superdominant leave trees to mature and convert to large snags.
    • 1986, Jeffrey W. Grimm & ‎Richard H. Yahner, Status and Management of Select Species of Avifauna in Pannsylvania with an Emphasis on Raptors:
      A few large dominant or superdominant trees should be left as potential nest trees.
    • 2009, Donald Dickmann & ‎David D. Glenn, Forestry Field Studies: A Manual for Science Teachers, ISBN 1936137984, page 39:
      Trees should not be included in a superdominant stratum unless they are considerably larger and clearly of an earlier generation than the trees of the main overstory.
  8. (decision theory) Comprising the winning strategy in all cases.
    • 2009, Peter Hedström & ‎Peter Bearman, The Oxford Handbook of Analytical Sociology, ISBN 0191615234:
      In decision-theoretical tenns, therefore, to believe in God is superdominant over disbelieving.

Noun[edit]

superdominant ‎(plural superdominants)

  1. (music) The sixth tone of the scale, immediately above the dominant.
  2. (ecology) A species that is present in disproportionately large numbers within an ecosystem.
    • 1975, William R. Burch, Beyond Growth: Essays on Alternative Futures, page 76:
      A strategy for survival is needed to replace man's present role as an unrestricted superdominant of the biosphere, for this role is a strategy for self-defeat.
    • 1997, F. E. Wielgolaski, Polar and Alpine Tundra - Volume 3, ISBN 0444882650, page 405:
      The earthworm Eisenia nordenskioldi is also a typical superdominant of tundra cenoses.
    • 2008, Annales Zoologici - Volume 58, Issues 1-2, page 270:
      Asca bicornis (27.8%) was no longer a superdominant, and three species of the family Laelapidae (Hypoaspis claviger, H. nolli and Hypoaspis aculeifer) jointly constituted 31.3% of total

Synonyms[edit]