tarlaigh

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Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Galway) IPA(key): /ˈt̪ˠɑːɾˠl̪ˠə/

Etymology 1[edit]

New formation to the past tense tharla (happened), from Old Irish do·rala, ·tarla (happened; put (past tense)) (suppletive preterite of do·cuirethar), from to- + ro- + Proto-Celtic *layo-, from Proto-Indo-European *leh₁- (let, leave) (Latin lētum (death); Old Church Slavonic лѣнъ (lěnŭ, lazy); Hittite [script needed] (laizzi, lets); Lithuanian liáutis (stop); Gothic 𐌻𐌴𐍅𐌾𐌰𐌽 (lēwjan, betray), 𐌻𐌴𐍅 (lēw, opportunity, cause)). Compare Scottish Gaelic tàrlaidh.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

tarlaigh (defective, present analytic tarlaíonn, past analytic tharla, verbal noun tarlú)

  1. to happen, befall, occur
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the verbal noun tarlú (haulage), from earlier tarlódh.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

tarlaigh (present analytic tarlaíonn, future analytic tarlóidh, verbal noun tarlú, past participle tarlaithe)

  1. to haul, drag
  2. to draw (up, out; pull)
  3. to transport
Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
tarlaigh tharlaigh dtarlaigh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 235
  • do·cuirethar” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • tarlód” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “tarla” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen., “tárluighim” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • “tarlaidhim” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen., “tarlódh” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • "tarlaigh" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.