lew

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

A 1266 gold ecu issued by Louis IX.
A 1498 gold ecu issued by Louis XII.

From corruption of French louis, from Louis,[1] presumably Louis IX or Louis XI, who issued gold ecus.

Noun[edit]

lew ‎(plural lews or lewis or leois)

  1. (Scotland, obsolete) A French gold coin circulated in 15th-century Scotland.
Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English lew, lewe, from Old English hlēow, hlēowe ‎(warm, sunny, sheltered), from Proto-Germanic *hlewaz, *hliwjaz, *hlēwaz ‎(warm, lukewarm), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱal(w)e-, *ḱlēw- ‎(warm, hot). Cognate with Old Norse hlýr ‎(warm, mild), ( > Danish ly ‎(lukewarm)), hlær, German lau, which are themselves akin to Old Norse hlé ‎(lee), Danish ‎(shelter). Compare lee.[2]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

lew ‎(comparative lewer, superlative lewest)

  1. (obsolete) Sunny; warm.
  2. (dialect) Lukewarm, tepid.
  3. (dialect) Alee: protected from the wind.
    • 1674, J. Ray, "South & East Countrey Words" in Coll. Eng. Words, p. 70:
      Lee or Lew, Calm, under the wind. Suss.
    • 1892, H. C. O'Neill, Devonshire Idyls, p. 7:
      His house... was ‘loo’ from the cold north winds.
Usage notes[edit]

Now chiefly Southern Scottish and Northern English.

Noun[edit]

Sheep sheltering beside a stone wall. Shepherds formerly raised lews—structures of thatch and sticks—for the same purpose.

lew ‎(plural lews)

  1. (now Scotland) Warmth, heat.
    • 1605, J. Sylvester translating G. de S. Du Bartas as Deuine Weekes & Wks, Book i, Ch. iv, p. 136:
      To th' end a fruitfull lew
      May euerie Climate in his time renew.
  2. (dialect) A shelter from the wind, particularly temporary structures raised by shepherds to protect their flocks.
    • 1825, J. Jennings, Observ. Dial. W. Eng., p. 52:
      Lew, shelter; defence from storms or wind.
    • 1887, W. D. Parish & al., Dictionary of the Kentish Dialect:
      Lew, a thatched hurdle, supported by sticks, and set up in a field to screen lambs, etc. from the wind.
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

lew ‎(third-person singular simple present lews, present participle lewing, simple past and past participle lewed)

  1. (transitive) To make warm or lukewarm.
  2. (intransitive, obsolete) To become warm.
  3. (transitive) To shelter from the wind.
    • 1887, W. D. Parish & al., Dictionary of the Kentish Dialect:
      Lew... Those trees will lew the house when they're up-grown.

Etymology 3[edit]

Of uncertain etymology, but compare Old English gelewed ‎(weakness, infirmity) and limlaeweo ‎(limb-weak, lame).[3]

Adjective[edit]

lew ‎(comparative more lew, superlative most lew)

  1. Weak.
  2. Sickly-looking, pale, wan.
    • c. 1325,, "Old Age" in T. Wright & al.'s 1845 Reliquiae Antiquae, Vol. II, p. 211:
      Mi bodi wexit lewe.

Etymology 4[edit]

Variant of lo (q.v.).[4]

Interjection[edit]

lew

  1. (obsolete) Alternative form of lo or look: a cry to look at something.
    • a. 1500, Towneley Plays, Book I, Scene iii, l. 46:
      Hence bot a litill She commys, lew, lew!
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Variant of lue (q.v.).[5]

Verb[edit]

lew ‎(third-person singular simple present lews, present participle lewing, simple past and past participle lewed)

  1. (mining, dialect, transitive) Alternative form of lue: to sift, particularly while mining tin or silver.
    • 1674, John Ray, A Collection of English Words, Not Generally Used, p. 122:
      Cornwall... The fine [sc. tin] is lewed in a fine sierce.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "† lew, n.¹" in the Oxford English Dictionary (1902), Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  2. ^ "lew, adj.¹ and n.²" and "lew, v." in the Oxford English Dictionary (1902), Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  3. ^ "lew, adj.²" in the Oxford English Dictionary (1902), Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  4. ^ "lew, int." in the Oxford English Dictionary (1902), Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  5. ^ "lue | lew, v." in the Oxford English Dictionary (1903), Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cornish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Revived Middle Cornish) IPA(key): [lɛˑʊ]
  • (Revived Late Cornish) IPA(key): [leˑʊ]

Noun[edit]

lew m ‎(plural lewyon)

  1. lion

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

lēw

  1. Romanization of 𐌻𐌴𐍅

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lьvъ, from Proto-Indo-European *lewo-.

Noun[edit]

lew m anim ‎(feminine lwica)

  1. lion
  2. (heraldry) lion
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Bulgarian лев ‎(lev)

Noun[edit]

lew m anim

  1. lev
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

lew

  1. genitive plural of lewa

Welsh[edit]

Noun[edit]

lew

  1. Soft mutation of llew.

Zazaki[edit]

lewi

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *leb-, cognate with Persian لب ‎(lab), English lip etc.

Noun[edit]

lew

  1. (anatomy) lip