thetha

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Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], Proto-Bantu *-téta.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

-thêtha

  1. to speak

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-téta.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /tʰêːtʰa/

Verb[edit]

-thêtha

  1. (intransitive) to nag
  2. (transitive) to try (a case of law)
  3. (transitive) to offer to the spirits (praise, prayer, sacrifice etc.)
  4. (transitive) to find not guilty, to judge in favour of
  5. (transitive) to be attracted by

Inflection[edit]

Tone HH
Infinitive ukuthetha
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuthetha ukungathethi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular thetha -thethe
Plural thethani -thetheni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyathetha, ngithetha engithethayo, engithetha ngithetha angithethi engingathethi ngingathethi
2nd singular uyathetha, uthetha othethayo, othetha uthetha awuthethi ongathethi ungathethi
1st plural siyathetha, sithetha esithethayo, esithetha sithetha asithethi esingathethi singathethi
2nd plural niyathetha, nithetha enithethayo, enithetha nithetha anithethi eningathethi ningathethi
Class 1 uyathetha, uthetha othethayo, othetha ethetha akathethi ongathethi engathethi
Class 2 bayathetha, bathetha abathethayo, abathetha bethetha abathethi abangathethi bengathethi
Class 3 uyathetha, uthetha othethayo, othetha uthetha awuthethi ongathethi ungathethi
Class 4 iyathetha, ithetha ethethayo, ethetha ithetha ayithethi engathethi ingathethi
Class 5 liyathetha, lithetha elithethayo, elithetha lithetha alithethi elingathethi lingathethi
Class 6 ayathetha, athetha athethayo, athetha ethetha awathethi angathethi engathethi
Class 7 siyathetha, sithetha esithethayo, esithetha sithetha asithethi esingathethi singathethi
Class 8 ziyathetha, zithetha ezithethayo, ezithetha zithetha azithethi ezingathethi zingathethi
Class 9 iyathetha, ithetha ethethayo, ethetha ithetha ayithethi engathethi ingathethi
Class 10 ziyathetha, zithetha ezithethayo, ezithetha zithetha azithethi ezingathethi zingathethi
Class 11 luyathetha, luthetha oluthethayo, oluthetha luthetha aluthethi olungathethi lungathethi
Class 14 buyathetha, buthetha obuthethayo, obuthetha buthetha abuthethi obungathethi bungathethi
Class 15 kuyathetha, kuthetha okuthethayo, okuthetha kuthetha akuthethi okungathethi kungathethi
Class 17 kuyathetha, kuthetha okuthethayo, okuthetha kuthetha akuthethi okungathethi kungathethi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngithethile, ngithethē engithethile, engithethē ngithethile, ngithethē angithethanga engingathethanga ngingathethanga
2nd singular uthethile, uthethē othethile, othethē uthethile, uthethē awuthethanga ongathethanga ungathethanga
1st plural sithethile, sithethē esithethile, esithethē sithethile, sithethē asithethanga esingathethanga singathethanga
2nd plural nithethile, nithethē enithethile, enithethē nithethile, nithethē anithethanga eningathethanga ningathethanga
Class 1 uthethile, uthethē othethile, othethē ethethile, ethethē akathethanga ongathethanga engathethanga
Class 2 bathethile, bathethē abathethile, abathethē bethethile, bethethē abathethanga abangathethanga bengathethanga
Class 3 uthethile, uthethē othethile, othethē uthethile, uthethē awuthethanga ongathethanga ungathethanga
Class 4 ithethile, ithethē ethethile, ethethē ithethile, ithethē ayithethanga engathethanga ingathethanga
Class 5 lithethile, lithethē elithethile, elithethē lithethile, lithethē alithethanga elingathethanga lingathethanga
Class 6 athethile, athethē athethile, athethē ethethile, ethethē awathethanga angathethanga engathethanga
Class 7 sithethile, sithethē esithethile, esithethē sithethile, sithethē asithethanga esingathethanga singathethanga
Class 8 zithethile, zithethē ezithethile, ezithethē zithethile, zithethē azithethanga ezingathethanga zingathethanga
Class 9 ithethile, ithethē ethethile, ethethē ithethile, ithethē ayithethanga engathethanga ingathethanga
Class 10 zithethile, zithethē ezithethile, ezithethē zithethile, zithethē azithethanga ezingathethanga zingathethanga
Class 11 luthethile, luthethē oluthethile, oluthethē luthethile, luthethē aluthethanga olungathethanga lungathethanga
Class 14 buthethile, buthethē obuthethile, obuthethē buthethile, buthethē abuthethanga obungathethanga bungathethanga
Class 15 kuthethile, kuthethē okuthethile, okuthethē kuthethile, kuthethē akuthethanga okungathethanga kungathethanga
Class 17 kuthethile, kuthethē okuthethile, okuthethē kuthethile, kuthethē akuthethanga okungathethanga kungathethanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāthetha engāthetha ngāthetha angithethanga engingathethanga ngingathethanga
2nd singular wāthetha owāthetha wāthetha awuthethanga ongathethanga ungathethanga
1st plural sāthetha esāthetha sāthetha asithethanga esingathethanga singathethanga
2nd plural nāthetha enāthetha nāthetha anithethanga eningathethanga ningathethanga
Class 1 wāthetha owāthetha āthetha akathethanga ongathethanga engathethanga
Class 2 bāthetha abāthetha bāthetha abathethanga abangathethanga bengathethanga
Class 3 wāthetha owāthetha wāthetha awuthethanga ongathethanga ungathethanga
Class 4 yāthetha eyāthetha yāthetha ayithethanga engathethanga ingathethanga
Class 5 lāthetha elāthetha lāthetha alithethanga elingathethanga lingathethanga
Class 6 āthetha āthetha āthetha awathethanga angathethanga engathethanga
Class 7 sāthetha esāthetha sāthetha asithethanga esingathethanga singathethanga
Class 8 zāthetha ezāthetha zāthetha azithethanga ezingathethanga zingathethanga
Class 9 yāthetha eyāthetha yāthetha ayithethanga engathethanga ingathethanga
Class 10 zāthetha ezāthetha zāthetha azithethanga ezingathethanga zingathethanga
Class 11 lwāthetha olwāthetha lwāthetha aluthethanga olungathethanga lungathethanga
Class 14 bāthetha obāthetha bāthetha abuthethanga obungathethanga bungathethanga
Class 15 kwāthetha okwāthetha kwāthetha akuthethanga okungathethanga kungathethanga
Class 17 kwāthetha okwāthetha kwāthetha akuthethanga okungathethanga kungathethanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingathetha ngingathetha ngingethethe ngingethethe
2nd singular ungathetha ungathetha ungethethe ungethethe
1st plural singathetha singathetha singethethe singethethe
2nd plural ningathetha ningathetha ningethethe ningethethe
Class 1 angathetha engathetha angethethe engethethe
Class 2 bangathetha bengathetha bangethethe bengethethe
Class 3 ungathetha ungathetha ungethethe ungethethe
Class 4 ingathetha ingathetha ingethethe ingethethe
Class 5 lingathetha lingathetha lingethethe lingethethe
Class 6 angathetha engathetha angethethe engethethe
Class 7 singathetha singathetha singethethe singethethe
Class 8 zingathetha zingathetha zingethethe zingethethe
Class 9 ingathetha ingathetha ingethethe ingethethe
Class 10 zingathetha zingathetha zingethethe zingethethe
Class 11 lungathetha lungathetha lungethethe lungethethe
Class 14 bungathetha bungathetha bungethethe bungethethe
Class 15 kungathetha kungathetha kungethethe kungethethe
Class 17 kungathetha kungathetha kungethethe kungethethe
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizothetha engizothetha ngizothetha angizuthetha engingezuthetha ngingezuthetha
2nd singular uzothetha ozothetha uzothetha awuzuthetha ongezuthetha ungezuthetha
1st plural sizothetha esizothetha sizothetha asizuthetha esingezuthetha singezuthetha
2nd plural nizothetha enizothetha nizothetha anizuthetha eningezuthetha ningezuthetha
Class 1 uzothetha ozothetha ezothetha akazuthetha ongezuthetha engezuthetha
Class 2 bazothetha abazothetha bezothetha abazuthetha abangezuthetha bengezuthetha
Class 3 uzothetha ozothetha uzothetha awuzuthetha ongezuthetha ungezuthetha
Class 4 izothetha ezothetha izothetha ayizuthetha engezuthetha ingezuthetha
Class 5 lizothetha elizothetha lizothetha alizuthetha elingezuthetha lingezuthetha
Class 6 azothetha azothetha ezothetha awazuthetha angezuthetha engezuthetha
Class 7 sizothetha esizothetha sizothetha asizuthetha esingezuthetha singezuthetha
Class 8 zizothetha ezizothetha zizothetha azizuthetha ezingezuthetha zingezuthetha
Class 9 izothetha ezothetha izothetha ayizuthetha engezuthetha ingezuthetha
Class 10 zizothetha ezizothetha zizothetha azizuthetha ezingezuthetha zingezuthetha
Class 11 luzothetha oluzothetha luzothetha aluzuthetha olungezuthetha lungezuthetha
Class 14 buzothetha obuzothetha buzothetha abuzuthetha obungezuthetha bungezuthetha
Class 15 kuzothetha okuzothetha kuzothetha akuzuthetha okungezuthetha kungezuthetha
Class 17 kuzothetha okuzothetha kuzothetha akuzuthetha okungezuthetha kungezuthetha
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyothetha engiyothetha ngiyothetha angiyuthetha engingeyuthetha ngingeyuthetha
2nd singular uyothetha oyothetha uyothetha awuyuthetha ongeyuthetha ungeyuthetha
1st plural siyothetha esiyothetha siyothetha asiyuthetha esingeyuthetha singeyuthetha
2nd plural niyothetha eniyothetha niyothetha aniyuthetha eningeyuthetha ningeyuthetha
Class 1 uyothetha oyothetha eyothetha akayuthetha ongeyuthetha engeyuthetha
Class 2 bayothetha abayothetha beyothetha abayuthetha abangeyuthetha bengeyuthetha
Class 3 uyothetha oyothetha uyothetha awuyuthetha ongeyuthetha ungeyuthetha
Class 4 iyothetha eyothetha iyothetha ayiyuthetha engeyuthetha ingeyuthetha
Class 5 liyothetha eliyothetha liyothetha aliyuthetha elingeyuthetha lingeyuthetha
Class 6 ayothetha ayothetha eyothetha awayuthetha angeyuthetha engeyuthetha
Class 7 siyothetha esiyothetha siyothetha asiyuthetha esingeyuthetha singeyuthetha
Class 8 ziyothetha eziyothetha ziyothetha aziyuthetha ezingeyuthetha zingeyuthetha
Class 9 iyothetha eyothetha iyothetha ayiyuthetha engeyuthetha ingeyuthetha
Class 10 ziyothetha eziyothetha ziyothetha aziyuthetha ezingeyuthetha zingeyuthetha
Class 11 luyothetha oluyothetha luyothetha aluyuthetha olungeyuthetha lungeyuthetha
Class 14 buyothetha obuyothetha buyothetha abuyuthetha obungeyuthetha bungeyuthetha
Class 15 kuyothetha okuyothetha kuyothetha akuyuthetha okungeyuthetha kungeyuthetha
Class 17 kuyothetha okuyothetha kuyothetha akuyuthetha okungeyuthetha kungeyuthetha
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngithethe ngingathethi
2nd singular uthethe ungathethi
1st plural sithethe singathethi
2nd plural nithethe ningathethi
Class 1 athethe angathethi
Class 2 bathethe bangathethi
Class 3 uthethe ungathethi
Class 4 ithethe ingathethi
Class 5 lithethe lingathethi
Class 6 athethe angathethi
Class 7 sithethe singathethi
Class 8 zithethe zingathethi
Class 9 ithethe ingathethi
Class 10 zithethe zingathethi
Class 11 luthethe lungathethi
Class 14 buthethe bungathethi
Class 15 kuthethe kungathethi
Class 17 kuthethe kungathethi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngathetha ngangathetha, angathetha, angangathetha
2nd singular wathetha wangathetha, awathetha, awangathetha
1st plural sathetha sangathetha, asathetha, asangathetha
2nd plural nathetha nangathetha, anathetha, anangathetha
Class 1 wathetha wangathetha, akathetha, akangathetha
Class 2 bathetha bangathetha, abathetha, abangathetha
Class 3 wathetha wangathetha, awathetha, awangathetha
Class 4 yathetha yangathetha, ayathetha, ayangathetha
Class 5 lathetha langathetha, alathetha, alangathetha
Class 6 athetha angathetha, awathetha, awangathetha
Class 7 sathetha sangathetha, asathetha, asangathetha
Class 8 zathetha zangathetha, azathetha, azangathetha
Class 9 yathetha yangathetha, ayathetha, ayangathetha
Class 10 zathetha zangathetha, azathetha, azangathetha
Class 11 lwathetha lwangathetha, alwathetha, alwangathetha
Class 14 bathetha bangathetha, abathetha, abangathetha
Class 15 kwathetha kwangathetha, akwathetha, akwangathetha
Class 17 kwathetha kwangathetha, akwathetha, akwangathetha

References[edit]