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From Proto-Indo-European *ster- (stiff), see also Old English steorfan (to die), Ancient Greek στερεός (stereós, solid), Lithuanian tirpstù (I melt; I become benumbed (by cold etc.)), Old Church Slavonic трупети (trupeti).



torpeō (present infinitive torpēre, perfect active torpuī); second conjugation, no passive

  1. I am stiff, numb, torpid or motionless.
  2. I am stupefied or astounded.
  3. I am inactive or listless.


   Conjugation of torpeo (second conjugation, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present torpeō torpēs torpet torpēmus torpētis torpent
imperfect torpēbam torpēbās torpēbat torpēbāmus torpēbātis torpēbant
future torpēbō torpēbis torpēbit torpēbimus torpēbitis torpēbunt
perfect torpuī torpuistī torpuit torpuimus torpuistis torpuērunt, torpuēre
pluperfect torpueram torpuerās torpuerat torpuerāmus torpuerātis torpuerant
future perfect torpuerō torpueris torpuerit torpuerimus torpueritis torpuerint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present torpeam torpeās torpeat torpeāmus torpeātis torpeant
imperfect torpērem torpērēs torpēret torpērēmus torpērētis torpērent
perfect torpuerim torpuerīs torpuerit torpuerīmus torpuerītis torpuerint
pluperfect torpuissem torpuissēs torpuisset torpuissēmus torpuissētis torpuissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present torpē torpēte
future torpētō torpētō torpētōte torpentō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives torpēre torpuisse
participles torpēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
torpēre torpendī torpendō torpendum


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • torpeo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • torpeo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • torpeo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be numb with cold: frigore (gelu) rigere, torpere