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trabea (plural trabeae)

  1. (historical, Ancient Rome) A toga of purple, or ornamented with purple horizontal stripes, worn by kings, consuls, and augurs.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dr. W. Smith to this entry?)

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for trabea in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)




Perhaps from trabs (rafter, beam) +‎ -eus, in reference to the horizontal stripes of red or purple that adorned the garment.



trabea f (genitive trabeae); first declension

  1. A white or purple toga, or possibly mantle, ornamented with red or purple stripes, associated with the equestrian class.
  2. The purple-bordered toga praetexta worn by augurs, other priests, and certain Republican officials.
  3. A red or purple garment said to have been worn by Romulus and other early Roman kings and consuls, also used to decorate divine images.
  4. (Late Latin, Medieval Latin) The elaborate ornamental dress of late Imperial consuls.


First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative trabea trabeae
genitive trabeae trabeārum
dative trabeae trabeīs
accusative trabeam trabeās
ablative trabeā trabeīs
vocative trabea trabeae

Derived terms[edit]


  • trabea in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • trabea in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “trabea”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • trabea” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • trabea in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • trabea in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin