Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search



From Latin, from Ancient Greek ξενοδοχεῖον (xenodokheîon, place for strangers, inn) from ξένος (xénos, guest, stranger, foreigner) + δέχομαι (dékhomai, receive, accept).


  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˌzɛn.əʊˈdəʊ.ki.əm/, /ˌzɛn.əˈdəʊ.ki.əm/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˌzɛn.oʊˈdoʊ.ki.əm/, /ˌzɛn.əˈdoʊ.ki.əm/
  • (file)


xenodochium (plural xenodochia or xenodochiums)

  1. A room (or separate guesthouse) in a monastery for the temporary accommodation of guests or pilgrims.
    • 1892, William Bright, The Canons of the First Four General Councils of Nicaea, Constantinople, Ephesus and Chalcedon, 2nd edition edition, page 184:
      Gregory the Great orders that the accounts of xenodochia should be audited by the bishop (Epist. iv. 27).
    • 1961, Michel Riquet, Christian Charity in Action, page 64:
      There is, first, the xenodochium, to provide lodging for passing strangers, pilgrims, travellers, refugees, exiles of all kinds, like the one founded at Ostia by Pammachius and Fabiola for all who were embarking or landing.
    • 1986, Herbert Bloch, Monte Cassino in the Middle Ages, page 288:
      His and his uncle Johannes de Curte's principal gift to Monte Cassino was a xenodochium or "hospitale" to house the pilgrims who, in great numbers, visited the famous shrine of the Archangel Michael.

Related terms[edit]