yhdeksän

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Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *ükteksä, i.e. *ükt-e-ksä, consisting of an earlier form of yksi + a form of the negation verb ei + ksä, which has the same origin as the endings in the reflexive forms found in dialects, c.f. Kalevala forms such as istuikse = istuutuu (he/she sits), so that the combination means "one is not there", and "of ten" was implied or originally said. Compare kahdeksan (eight), which developed the same way.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: yh‧dek‧sän
  • IPA(key): /ˈyçde̞ksæn/

Numeral[edit]

Finnish cardinal numbers
 <  8 9 10  > 
    Cardinal : yhdeksän
    Ordinal : yhdeksäs
    Adverbial : yhdeksästi
    Multiplier : yhdeksänkertainen
Finnish Wikipedia article on yhdeksän

yhdeksän

  1. (cardinal) nine

Usage notes[edit]

Declension[edit]

Declension is the same as type koira (number 10), except of the nominative singular form (*), where an -n is added at the end.

Related terms[edit]